• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 2,644,000 People affected [?]
  • 1,307,000 People in Need [?]
  • 366,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



The Grand Sud region has suffered several consecutive years of rain shortfalls during the important stages of the crop cycle, further aggravated by El Niño weather events in 2016 and 2017.?This deficit mainly affected harvests of major foodstuffs (rice, maize, cassava), with reductions of at least 60% overall compared to the averages of the last 5 years.?Rainfall forecasts until July indicate normal to above normal in the Central, Southeast and South areas of the country. Normal to below normal rainfall is forecast in the southwest and north.?

Almost 80% of the Malagasy population is engaged in agriculture, dominated by rain-fed small-scale subsistence farming.?The food security situation remains fragile, with 1.3 million people from 15 districts in the drought-affected south and cyclone-affected south-east projected to be severely food insecure until March 2019, of whom over 366,000 are classified as Emergency (IPC 4). 24,700 children are acutely malnourished including 2,300 severely malnourished.?

INFORM measures Madagascar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.1/10.?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities


Nutrition: About 47% of municipalities (73 out of 154) face a “nutrition emergency” while 16% are on “nutrition alert”.?

Water supply: The southern regions have the country’s lowest water supply coverage and are highly vulnerable to drought. Access to potable drinking water us a major challenge for the local population. In rural areas, only 36% of households utilize improved water facilities.?