Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
The Grand Sud region has suffered several consecutive years of rain shortfalls during the important stages of the crop cycle, further aggravated by El Niño weather events in 2016 and 2017.?This deficit mainly affected harvests of major foodstuffs (rice, maize, cassava), with reductions of at least 60% overall compared to the averages of the last 5 years.?Rainfall forecasts until July indicate normal to above normal in the Central, Southeast and South areas of the country. Normal to below normal rainfall is forecast in the southwest and north.?
Almost 80% of the Malagasy population is engaged in agriculture, dominated by rain-fed small-scale subsistence farming.?The food security situation remains fragile, with over 725,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance and more than 37,000 of these facing severe humanitarian conditions.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Key priorities for the drought crisis are water and nutrition. The southern regions have the country’s lowest water supply coverage and are highly vulnerable to drought. Access to potable drinking water is a major challenge for the local population. In rural areas, only 36% of households utilize improved water facilities.? Lack of grains from the harvest will also deplete grain reserves and intensify acute food shortages. Most communities are also facing humanitarian challenges from floods which has washed off rice fields and increased the strains of food insecurity.