• Crisis Severity ?
    2.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    2.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    1.3
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
     
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,684,000 People affected [?]
  • 728,000 People in Need [?]
  • 37,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

17/03/2020

The Grand Sud region has suffered several consecutive years of rain shortfalls during the important stages of the crop cycle, further aggravated by El Niño weather events in 2016 and 2017.?This deficit mainly affected harvests of major foodstuffs (rice, maize, cassava), with reductions of at least 60% overall compared to the averages of the last 5 years.?Rainfall forecasts until July indicate normal to above normal in the Central, Southeast and South areas of the country. Normal to below normal rainfall is forecast in the southwest and north.?

Almost 80% of the Malagasy population is engaged in agriculture, dominated by rain-fed small-scale subsistence farming.?The food security situation remains fragile, with over 725,000 people in need of humanitarian assistance and more than 37,000 of these facing severe humanitarian conditions.?

Latest Developments

20/02/2020

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities

17/03/2020

Key priorities for the drought crisis are water and nutrition. The southern regions have the country’s lowest water supply coverage and are highly vulnerable to drought. Access to potable drinking water is a major challenge for the local population. In rural areas, only 36% of households utilize improved water facilities.? Lack of grains from the harvest will also deplete grain reserves and intensify acute food shortages. Most communities are also facing humanitarian challenges from floods which has washed off rice fields and increased the strains of food insecurity.