• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 29,207,000 Total population [?]
  • 4,509,000 People affected [?]
  • 1,659,000 People in Need [?]

Special Reports




Madagascar is highly exposed to natural hazards such as cyclones, floods, and drought because of its location in the southwestern Indian Ocean basin. In addition, high levels of poverty, dependence on rain-fed agriculture, poor water availability, and inadequate infrastructure have reduced people’s resilience to natural hazards.?

The Grand Sud (Androy, Anosy, and Atsimo-Andrefana regions) and the eastern regions of Atsimo-Atsinana and Vatovavy Fitovinany have been experiencing drought for 40 years. The worst drought hit the country in 2019 and caused a food insecurity crisis. Between November–December 2021, around 37% of the total population (1.6 million people) faced Crisis food insecurity levels (IPC Phase 3) or worse. Besides the prolonged drought and reduced crop production in the 2020–2021 harvest season, the impact of COVID-19 restrictions on food prices also contributed to high levels of food insecurity in the regions. ?

Floods, landslides, and tropical storms are common in Madagascar. Between mid-January and mid-March 2022, five tropical cyclones and storms hit Madagascar: Ana, Batsirai, Dumako, Emnati, and Gombe. More than 960,000 people have been affected by the 2022 cyclone season, which runs between November–March. More than 60,000 hectares of rice fields were flooded twice, which will likely result in a below-average harvest between April–July.?

INFORM measures Madagascar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.1/10.?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities


Food: More than 1.6 million people are experiencing Crisis food insecurity levels (IPC Phase 3) or worse. Vulnerable people face challenges in terms of food access and availability because of low production, lack of income sources, and severe market disruptions caused by COVID-19 restriction measures.?

Health: People’s access to health services is challenging. Over 60% of the population lives more than 5km away from health centres. Some communities live in very remote  areas without roads or communication. Healthcare facilities in some areas are facing a lack of drugs, medical supplies, and health personnel.?

WASH: Water levels are continuously depleting because of drought, increasing the difficulty of water extraction and trucking. Water prices increased by 10–15 times the average in 2021, driving people to resort to unsafe water for drinking and cooking. ?

Nutrition: More than 740,000 people, including 500,000 children, need nutrition services in the Grand Sud because of food insecurity. In the Grand Sud, moderate acute malnutrition prevalence in children between 6–59 months old was 6.1% in November 2021, and severe acute malnutrition was 1.5%.?