Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Libya’s instability, as well as its strategic location, have allowed smuggling and human trafficking networks, dominated by armed groups, to flourish. The country has become a gateway for migrants hoping to cross to Europe via the Central Mediterranean route. As of May 2019, Libya counts 666,717 migrants and refugees, mostly Sub-Saharan and North African nationals. ?The actual number may be higher as it is difficult to identify all refugees and migrants, some of whom are held captive by smugglers or in illegal detention centres. Migrants and refugees are particularly vulnerable to extreme violence by Libyan security forces, militias, smuggling networks, and criminal gangs. Many migrants face brutal conditions including severe abuse and torture, overcrowded detention centres, and kidnapping along the way. ?Refugees and migrants face assorted barriers when accessing healthcare, such as discrimination in access to treatment, difficulties in paying medical expenses, lack of transportation, and distance to medical facilities.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.