• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 667,000 People displaced [?]
  • 268 Fatalities reported [?]
  • 667,000 People in Need [?]



Libya’s instability, as well as its strategic location, have allowed smuggling and human trafficking networks, dominated by armed groups, to flourish. The country has become a gateway for migrants hoping to cross to Europe via the Central Mediterranean route. As of May 2019, Libya counts 666,717 migrants and refugees, mostly Sub-Saharan and North African nationals. ?The actual number may be higher as it is difficult to identify all refugees and migrants, some of whom are held captive by smugglers or in illegal detention centres. Migrants and refugees are particularly vulnerable to extreme violence by Libyan security forces, militias, smuggling networks, and criminal gangs. Many migrants face brutal conditions including severe abuse and torture, overcrowded detention centres, and kidnapping along the way. ?Refugees and migrants face assorted barriers when accessing healthcare, such as discrimination in access to treatment, difficulties in paying medical expenses, lack of transportation, and distance to medical facilities.

Latest Developments


30/07: Up to 150 people are feared dead, after a wooden boat carrying an estimated 350 people, mostly from Sub-Saharan Africa, capsized off the Libyan coast on 25 July. 55 bodies have been recovered as of 27 July. The Libyan coast guards and local fishermen rescued 134 migrants.?

25/07: On the night of 2 July, two airstrikes hit Tajoura detention centre (DC) in the outskirts of Tripoli, killing at least 60 people, including six children, and wounding 130 more. Before the attack, the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) had shared the GPS coordinates of the DC with the parties to the conflict to ensure the safety of civilians. At the time of the airstrikes, over 600 migrants and refugees were inside the DC, including 120 male Africans in the part that was hit. Migrants and refugees trying to flee after the first strike were reportedly fired upon by guards. A number of migrants and refugees were relocated from Tajoura in the days after the event. However, since then, at least 133 migrants and refugees have been transferred to Tajoura after they were intercepted at sea. It is unclear how many migrants and refugees are currently detained in Tajoura. Fighting in Tripoli between the Libyan National Army (LNA) and the opposing Government of National Accord (GNA) escalated in April. Migrants and refugees in Tripoli have been particularly impacted by the conflict due to their vulnerable status. To date, some 3,800 migrants and refugees remain detained in government-run centres in and around the frontlines in Tripoli, raising concern for their safety. ?