Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Between October 2022 and March 2023, around 320,000 people (22% of the population in rural areas) are projected to face acute food insecurity in Lesotho. This projection is a 40% increase compared with the 229,000 people who faced acute food insecurity between July–September 2022. Berea, Mafeteng, Maseru, Mohales hoek, Mokhotlong, Qachas nek, Quthing, and Thaba tseka districts are projected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity levels during this period. ?
Above-average rainfall during the October 2021 to March 2022 rainy season destroyed some crops and reduced crop production, resulting in the faster depletion of harvests. The 2022 lean season also started earlier than usual in August instead of October, aggravating the situation. ?
Economic challenges, such as a high inflation rate and reduced income-generating opportunities, also contribute to food insecurity. The food inflation rate has risen steadily in 2022, from 7.4% in January to 10.2% in August. Disruptions in global supply chains given the war in Ukraine also contribute to the high prices of food, fuel, and fertilizer in the country. The residual impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has reduced employment opportunities, both within the country and in neighbouring South Africa, where many migrants from Lesotho travel to for seasonal jobs. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.