• Crisis Severity ?
    2.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,527,000 People displaced [?]
  • 667,000 People in Need [?]
  • 487,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

22/05/2019

Despite recent conflicts and a tense political relationship with Israel and sometimes Syria, Lebanon is currently a relatively stable country. As a result, many refugees have sought safety there, with 1.5 million Syrian refugees and 28,800 Palestinian refugees from Syria.? Lebanon has the largest numbers of Syrian refugees per capita in the world - one in four people is a Syrian refugee.

Tensions between host and refugee populations are frequent as the high number of refugees has put pressure on the already strained Lebanese economy. Food and rent prices have increased, competition for jobs has grown, and there is pressure on the health and education systems. In addition, refugees in Lebanon face significant protection issues, including lack of documentation, evictions, and discrimination. Although the pressure from the government and Hezbollah on Syrians to return to Syria has been increasing, the actual number of returnees remains unknown.?

INFORM measures Lebanon's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.3/10.?

Latest Developments

26/06/2020

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Find more information related to the outbreak.

Key Priorities

22/05/2019

Shelter: formal refugee camps for Syrians are banned in Lebanon forcing a large number of Syrian refugees to live in makeshift tents (19%) and in non-residential structures such as construction sites, animal sheds, and garages (15%), which offer little protection from the elements and leave refugees exposed to extreme weather during Lebanon’s harsh winter months.?

WASH: needs are high in Lebanon for refugees as well as for host communities. In particular, the WASH systems lack the capacity to cope with the influx of refugees.

Protection: legal documentation remains the major protection concern in Lebanon for Syrian refugees, preventing them from accessing basic services and from being legally employed.?

COVID-19 Outbreak

05/05/2020

Lebanon reported 740 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 25 deaths as of 5 May. Containment measures have meant that many Syrian refugees had to stop working, in sectors such as agriculture, for example. Poor Lebanese, Palestinian and Syrian refugees are all facing increasing financial difficulties. Rent, food, and medicines risk not being covered due to the recent loss of incomes, and remain priority needs. Mental health is a concern, with high stress levels reported. Provisional assessments conducted between March and April highlighted needs for more hygiene kits. Overcrowding, poor WASH infrastructure, and undocumented refugees’ fears of authorities are all aggravating factors for a potential outbreak in urban and informal refugee settlements. At beginning of April, Syrians living in 21 municipalities were targeted by COVID-19 restrictions deemed as discriminatory, because they were not also applied to Lebanese citizens. Lebanese officials have enforced the curfew in the informal settlements and conducted sanitisation operations. Humanitarians have had occasional access difficulties, for instance in providing health services in camps due to local COVID-19 restrictions. All aid work deemed non-essential has come to a halt or is performed remotely.?