• Crisis Severity ?
    2.4
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    2.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    2.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,529,000 People displaced [?]
  • 983,000 People in Need [?]
  • 193,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

22/05/2019

Despite recent conflicts and a tense political relationship with Israel and sometimes Syria, Lebanon is currently a relatively stable country. As a result, many refugees have sought safety there, with 1.5 million Syrian refugees and 28,800 Palestinian refugees from Syria.? Lebanon has the largest numbers of Syrian refugees per capita in the world - one in four people is a Syrian refugee.

Tensions between host and refugee populations are frequent as the high number of refugees has put pressure on the already strained Lebanese economy. Food and rent prices have increased, competition for jobs has grown, and there is pressure on the health and education systems. In addition, refugees in Lebanon face significant protection issues, including lack of documentation, evictions, and discrimination. Although the pressure from the government and Hezbollah on Syrians to return to Syria has been increasing, the actual number of returnees remains unknown.?

INFORM measures Lebanon's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.3/10.?

Latest Developments

02/07/2019

02/07: The Lebanese army demolished at least 20 refugee homes in three settlements in Arsal on 1 July, following the decision by Lebanon's Higher Defense Council to take down all "semi-permanent structures" built by Syrian refugees using materials other than timber and plastic sheeting. While the number of refugees currently living in such structures is unclear, thousands of families are likely to be affected by the decision. The developments come amid heightening tensions between the Syrian refugee population and the Lebanese host community. ?

Humanitarian Access

22/05/2019

There are no major humanitarian access constraints but the Lebanese government's refusal to formally recognise Syrians' refugee status and the absence of formal refugee camps results in limited humanitarian assistance. Humanitarian actors must usually help Syrian refugees in need with short-term and repetitive responses rather than longer-term strategies.

Key Priorities

22/05/2019

Shelter: formal refugee camps for Syrians are banned in Lebanon forcing a large number of Syrian refugees to live in makeshift tents (19%) and in non-residential structures such as construction sites, animal sheds, and garages (15%), which offer little protection from the elements and leave refugees exposed to extreme weather during Lebanon’s harsh winter months.?

WASH: needs are high in Lebanon for refugees as well as for host communities. In particular, the WASH systems lack the capacity to cope with the influx of refugees.

Protection: legal documentation remains the major protection concern in Lebanon for Syrian refugees, preventing them from accessing basic services and from being legally employed.?