• Crisis Severity ?
    3.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Special Reports

25/08/2020

Overview

09/06/2022

Lebanon is facing a major socioeconomic crisis due to years of mounting public debt and a high fiscal deficit. The socioeconomic humanitarian crisis is driven by Lebanese pound devaluation, increased unemployment and poverty, business closures, inflation, limited access to foreign exchange and imports, and decreased foreign remittances. While the entire country has felt the economic hardship, the already poor and vulnerable Lebanese and refugee populations have been particularly affected ?.

An estimated 1.5 million members of the most vulnerable Lebanese populations, 1.5 million Syrian refugees, 180,000 Palestinian refugees from Lebanon, and 29,000 Palestinian refugees from Syria are considered vulnerable and in need of humanitarian assistance ?.  

Crisis conditions were further aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic and the Beirut port explosion in August 2020 ?

The economic crisis has increased the poverty rate, which reached 82% in 2021, up from 45% in 2019, 30% in 2018, and 27.4% in 2011–2012. Vulnerable Lebanese households face challenges accessing food, healthcare, education, and other basic services. The unemployment rate reached 30% in 2022 – up from 11% in 2019.?

Latest Developments

26/10/2022

Most wastewater plants in Lebanon are no longer in operation due to municipalities’ fiscal challenges, creating urgent needs for clean water and sanitation services amid a cholera outbreak in Lebanon. 448 cases have been confirmed by the Ministry of Public Health as of 21 October. Cases have been recorded in refugee camps and in other areas with polluted and contaminated drinking water. A survey of more than 19,000 people (3,522 households) living in informal settlements in Baalbek – Hermel governorate found that 80% of those households are using unsafe water. A large population of Palestinian refugees in various camps are also exposed due to unsafe WASH services. Lack of humanitarian funds, limited resources of public institutions, and the rapid escalation of the outbreak are raising concerns?

Humanitarian Access

07/07/2022

HIGH CONSTRAINTS

Lebanon faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained stable. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022

Risk

Involuntary mass returns of Syrian refugees from Lebanon amid a current socioeconomic crisis put them in unsafe and inadequate living conditions Latest update: 18/10/2022

Probability

Highly unlikely Somewhat likely Highly likely

Impact

Very low Moderate Major

Key Priorities

03/03/2022

Food security: between March– April 2021, 22% of Lebanese households were food insecure. 47% faced challenges meeting their basic needs, compared to 43% in November-December 2020 ?.

Nutrition: Chronic and acute malnutrition rates have increased in 2021 across Lebanon. About 25% of Syrian, 11% of Lebanese, and 10.5% of Palestinian children suffer from chronic malnutrition (low height in relation to their ages). 41% of children and 42% of women of reproductive age are affected by anaemia. Poor access to nutrition services, inadequate food intake, and poor access to WASH and health services are the main drivers, affecting all population groups. ?

Livelihood/Poverty: Almost 90% of the Syrian refugee population lives at income levels below the Survival Minimum Expenditure Basket, and 80% of Lebanese were pushed to live in multidimensional poverty in 2021. Overall, the deteriorating economic conditions and weak governance are likely to further aggravate poverty in Lebanon, affecting all population groups. ?

Education: The socioeconomic crisis and COVID-19 have disrupted education for Lebanese and Syrian refugee children in Lebanon: only 43% of children enrolled in school in the year 2021/2022. About 30% of young people have stopped their education, and 40% have reduced spending on education to buy essential items. ?

WASH: Lebanon lacks a comprehensive solid waste management strategy and relies on costly landfills. The Beirut port explosion further damaged the waste management infrastructure. The inefficiency of waste management exposes the population to higher health and environmental risks ?.