• Crisis Severity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Special Reports

25/08/2020

Overview

09/06/2022

Lebanon is facing a major socioeconomic crisis due to years of mounting public debt and a high fiscal deficit. The socioeconomic humanitarian crisis is driven by Lebanese pound devaluation, increased unemployment and poverty, business closures, inflation, limited access to foreign exchange and imports, and decreased foreign remittances. While the entire country has felt the economic hardship, the already poor and vulnerable Lebanese and refugee populations have been particularly affected ?.

An estimated 1.5 million members of the most vulnerable Lebanese populations, 1.5 million Syrian refugees, 180,000 Palestinian refugees from Lebanon, and 29,000 Palestinian refugees from Syria are considered vulnerable and in need of humanitarian assistance ?.  

Crisis conditions were further aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic and the Beirut port explosion in August 2020 ?

The economic crisis has increased the poverty rate, which reached 82% in 2021, up from 45% in 2019, 30% in 2018, and 27.4% in 2011–2012. Vulnerable Lebanese households face challenges accessing food, healthcare, education, and other basic services. The unemployment rate reached 30% in 2022 – up from 11% in 2019.?

Latest Developments

10/08/2022

Some families in Lebanon have been spending up to 50% of their monthly income on bread, a staple food, and have been skipping meals and eating expired and less nutritious food to copeThe Lebanese pound has lost 90% of its value since 2019, resulting in unsustainable governmental subsidies for bread. Bread prices have increased more than fourfold since last year. Bread shortages are the end result of reduced wheat supply caused by factors including the socioeconomic crisis and the Beirut port explosion. Lebanon’s import capacity has decreased by 60%, and damage caused by the port explosion reduced grain storage capacity by 100,000 metric tons. The Russian invasion of Ukraine has also impacted wheat supply and bread prices in Lebanon. Long queues for bread at bakeries are increasing tensions between host communities and Syrian refugees, who are at risk of increased violence. ?

Humanitarian Access

07/07/2022

HIGH CONSTRAINTS

Lebanon faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained stable. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022

Key Priorities

03/03/2022

Food security: between March– April 2021, 22% of Lebanese households were food insecure. 47% faced challenges meeting their basic needs, compared to 43% in November-December 2020 ?.

Nutrition: Chronic and acute malnutrition rates have increased in 2021 across Lebanon. About 25% of Syrian, 11% of Lebanese, and 10.5% of Palestinian children suffer from chronic malnutrition (low height in relation to their ages). 41% of children and 42% of women of reproductive age are affected by anaemia. Poor access to nutrition services, inadequate food intake, and poor access to WASH and health services are the main drivers, affecting all population groups. ?

Livelihood/Poverty: Almost 90% of the Syrian refugee population lives at income levels below the Survival Minimum Expenditure Basket, and 80% of Lebanese were pushed to live in multidimensional poverty in 2021. Overall, the deteriorating economic conditions and weak governance are likely to further aggravate poverty in Lebanon, affecting all population groups. ?

Education: The socioeconomic crisis and COVID-19 have disrupted education for Lebanese and Syrian refugee children in Lebanon: only 43% of children enrolled in school in the year 2021/2022. About 30% of young people have stopped their education, and 40% have reduced spending on education to buy essential items. ?

WASH: Lebanon lacks a comprehensive solid waste management strategy and relies on costly landfills. The Beirut port explosion further damaged the waste management infrastructure. The inefficiency of waste management exposes the population to higher health and environmental risks ?.