Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
On 4 August, a large explosion in the port of Beirut killed at least 180 people and injured at least 6,000. The cause of the blast is pending investigation but initial reports attributed it to 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate inadequately stored in the port warehouses. ?
A number of sectors of Greater Beirut are affected, some of these home to vulnerable, poor, migrant workers or refugee communities. Homes and businesses, including restaurants, bars, and hotels have been lost. Up to 300,000 people could have lost their homes. The explosion damaged several neighbourhoods in Beirut governorate/city and adjacent quarters in Mount Lebanon governorate.?
Lebanon was already in deep economic crisis, and with rising COVID-19 cases. Protests based on mistrust of the Lebanese government and overall administration have been taking place for months in Beirut, prompting the government to step down on 10 August.?
Shelter: Commercial and residential buildings reported a range of damages. Up to 300,000 people are displaced from their homes and most are staying in friends’ and relatives’ houses.?
Health: Six major hospitals and 20 health clinics sustained partial or heavy structural damage. Stocks of medicines and vaccines and PPE in port warehouses were lost. The healthcare system was already overburdened due to the COVID-19 outbreak.?
Livelihoods and Food: Thousands were laid off or saw their salaries reduced in months leading up to the blast, which caused additional job loss at businesses and shops, loss of savings, and new expenses for reparation and reconstruction. Food prices have risen dramatically in 2020. Markets are the main source of food possible disruptions and further price increases will affect food access. The blast destroyed 15,000 metric tons of wheat and Lebanon’s main grain silos.?
- Large scale assessments of the affected population in Beirut and Mount Lebanon governorates
- Large scale assessments of shelter and reconstruction needs
- Information on the ecological and environmental impact of the blast
- Data on nutrition and on maternal and infant healthcare