Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
As the country hosting one of the largest refugee populations in Africa, Kenya hosts over 520,000 refugees and asylum seekers, including more than 287,000 from Somalia and close to 142,000 from South Sudan, some 50,000 from DRC, and 31,000 from Ethiopia. The majority of refugees are staying in Dadaab camp in the southeast, Kakuma camp in the northwest, and in Nairobi. ?
Since 2014, at least 85,000 Somali refugees have returned to Somalia through a voluntary repatriation programme. However, ongoing drought and persisting insecurity have deteriorated the humanitarian situation in Somalia, resulting in movements back to Kenya. ?
As the impact of drought and conflict in Somalia has escalated, more than 233,000 refugees from Somalia now live in Kenya’s Dadaab refugee camp (Garissa county), including around 20,000 who arrived from January to September 2022. The number of newly arrived refugees is expected to increase to 121,300 by April 2023. Newly arrived refugees who have social ties with longer-term refugees depend on them to share their resources. The current population of refugees hosted in the camp is more than triple the intended capacity. Refugees in the camp face overcrowded conditions, poor sanitation, and inadequate access to basic services. Measles and suspected cases of cholera have been diagnosed in the camp. Overcrowding and poor sanitation could lead to further spread of these diseases. Newly arrived refugees need shelter, food, WASH assistance, and health and nutrition services. Longer-term refugees and the nearby host communities have been affected by drought and continue to need humanitarian assistance.?