Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
In Kenya, 23 arid and semiarid counties are experiencing drought conditions after three consecutive below-average rainy seasons (October–December 2020, March–May 2021 and October-December 2021). The drought has affected crop and livestock production and caused a rise in staple food prices.?
At least 2.9 million people need humanitarian assistance due to drought. 2.4 million people in the affected areas are facing high levels of food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) in November 2021–January 2022. The most affected counties are Baringo, Garissa, Isiolo, Mandera, Marsabit, Tana River, Turkana, and Wajir.?
Pastoralism, agropastoralism and farming, the main livelihood activities in the affected areas, have also been disrupted, as poor rainfall performance resulted in below-average pasture and browse conditions that are unfavourable for livestock. Resource-based conflicts over access to limited pasture and water resources have increased, leading to loss of lives, displacement, disruption of food supply to markets, and closure of schools. These resource-related conflicts are a constraint to humanitarian access in some areas, such as Garissa, Isiolo, Mandera, Marsabit, and Wajir counties.?
The affected population has experienced a series of shocks in recent years, including a desert locust invasion and the socioeconomic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. While the threat of locust invasions has receded, the impact of COVID-19 on Kenyan households continues.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
See ACAPS' latest analysis on the impact of drought in Turkana and Marsabit counties.
Food and livelihoods: For the period November 2021-January 2022, nearly 2.4 million people are projected to face IPC 3 and above outcomes.Livelihoods of both pastoral and farming communities have been affected, as the drought has resulted in below-average harvests, diminished pasture, death of livestock and lower milk production.?
WASH: Water pans and dams have dried up,particularly in Turkana and Marsabit counties. Due to limited access to safe water, there is a higher risk of spread of waterborne diseases.?
Health and nutrition: Malnutrition in children is worsening due to inadequate food intake. Around 523,364 women and children in drought affected counties need treatment for acute malnutrition. There is also inconsistency in provision of school meals, which are a crucial source of nutrition for many children in drought affected areas.?
Education: School attendance went down, partly due to lack of school meals and water,with notable school absences in Turkana, Isiolo, Kilifi, Baringo, Garissa and Kajiado counties. 12,830 learners did not report to school for the October to December 2021 school term.?
Protection: Due to disruption of livelihoods, there is a higher incidence of early marriages and child labor as a negative coping strategy. Women and girls face the risk of trafficking, as they walk long distances in search of food and water.?