Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Kenya hosts one of the largest refugee populations in Africa, over 479,000, including more than 258,000 from Somalia. ?
Continuing dry conditions across the country have led to the deterioration of livestock and crop productivity, above average food prices, and the reduction of water availability. These factors have led to increased food insecurity, which has risen by approximately 60% across the country since mid-May 2019. Current projections suggest that food insecurity will continue to worsen, with 3.1 million people predicted to be in crisis phase or higher by October 2019.?
Intercommunal tensions have also increased as a result of heightened competition for land and other resources. ? As pastoralists are forced to move farther and farther in search of pastureland and water for their livestock, there is an increasing risk they will come into conflict with farmers and landowners, and there have already been reports of sporadic violence.? Experience from past droughts suggests the risk of violence might escalate if drought conditions continue.
Insecurity particularly affects the counties bordering Somalia, with Al Shabaab conducting sporadic attacks against civilians and state security forces. Various disease outbreaks are affecting Kenya, including cholera and Rift Valley Fever. ?
INFORM measures Kenya's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.1/10. ?
The short rains season in Kenya, beginning in October, has led to heavy rainfall that has triggered landslides, flash floods, and riverine flooding across large areas of the country. Although assessments are still ongoing at least 17,000 people have been displaced and more than 144,000 affected as of 5 November. ?In the hardest hit counties - including Mandera, Wajir, Marsabit, Turkana - infrastructure has been impacted, damaging roads and bridges and restricting access to schools and health facilities. Across 8 counties, transportation and the delivery of humanitarian access is obstructed, including on major highway links. Lack of clean drinking water and the destruction of WASH facilities is heightening needs and raising the risk of disease spread. The impact of the floods on livelihoods and food security is expected to be large, as farmland has been destroyed and livestock washed away. Food and nutritional needs are already high in Kenya following the 2019 drought, which has led to 3.1 million people facing severe acute food insecurity. ?