Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.30 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Kenya: Impact of drought
Humanitarian Access Overview
Outbreaks in East Africa: Desert Locusts and COVID-19
Kenya is currently facing two humanitarian crises – the drought and the refugee crisis. Arid and semiarid counties, which make up nearly 80% of Kenya’s landmass, are experiencing drought conditions. Kenya has been hosting refugees displaced from neighbouring countries since 1991. At least 525,000 refugees are currently present in Kenya, mostly displaced from Somalia and South Sudan. The majority of them has taken shelter in Dadaab and Kakuma camps, located in Garissa and Turkana counties respectively, which are arid areas affected by the drought. ?
Communities living in arid and semiarid regions (30% of Kenya's population) are often marginalised, with inadequate social services, poor physical infrastructure, and highly dispersed human settlements. They also face higher levels of poverty compared to the rest of the country. Their source of livelihood – pastoralism and small-scale agriculture – has been affected by the drought, particularly after the below-average rainy season in March–May 2021.?
INFORM measures Kenya’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.7/10. The risk of drought is particularly high, at 6.9/10. Vulnerability is also of particular concern at 6/10. ?
As the impact of drought and conflict in Somalia has escalated, more than 233,000 refugees from Somalia now live in Kenya’s Dadaab refugee camp (Garissa county), including around 20,000 who arrived from January to September 2022. The number of newly arrived refugees is expected to increase to 121,300 by April 2023. Newly arrived refugees who have social ties with longer-term refugees depend on them to share their resources. The current population of refugees hosted in the camp is more than triple the intended capacity. Refugees in the camp face overcrowded conditions, poor sanitation, and inadequate access to basic services. Measles and suspected cases of cholera have been diagnosed in the camp. Overcrowding and poor sanitation could lead to further spread of these diseases. Newly arrived refugees need shelter, food, WASH assistance, and health and nutrition services. Longer-term refugees and the nearby host communities have been affected by drought and continue to need humanitarian assistance.?
Kenya faced High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 3/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained stable.
For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.