Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Kenya hosts one of the largest refugee populations in Africa, close to 500,000, including over 255,000 from Somalia. ?
Kenya has been experiencing drought conditions since the end of 2018, following below-average precipitation from the seasonal short rains (October-December). In 2019, delayed onset of the April-June long rains in 2019 has worsened the effects of the drought and resulted in a food insecurity crisis across the country. ?
Intercommunal tensions have also increased as a result of heightened competition for land and other resources. ? As pastoralists are forced to move farther and farther in search of pastureland and water for their livestock, there is an increasing risk they will come into conflict with farmers and landowners, and there have already been reports of sporadic violence.? Experience from past droughts suggests the risk of violence might escalate if drought conditions continue.
Insecurity particularly affects the counties bordering Somalia, with Al Shabaab conducting sporadic attacks against civilians and state security forces. Various disease outbreaks are affecting Kenya, including cholera and Rift Valley Fever. ?
INFORM measures Kenya's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.1/10. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.