Presidential elections were held on 8 August 2017, and an estimated 22.4 million people registered to vote, up from 14.4 million in 2013 (Reuters 10/12/2015). On 11 August, President Uhuru Kenyatta was declared president-elect, defeating Raila Odinga of the National Super Alliance (NASA).? Odinga rejected the preliminary results, claiming vote rigging by Kenyatta's Jubilee Party.? Protests at the results, mainly in Nairobi slums and Kisumu county, have left 24 people dead and 93 injured since 8 August.? On 1 September, in a 4:2 decision, the Supreme Court anulled the presidential elections due to irregularities, ordering repeat elections to be held within 60 days.? Kenyatta stated that he respected the decision and called for peace, but he and his deputy Ruto said that the Court had overturned the will of the people.? Ruto called the Court's decision a "coup".? Odinga demanded changes to the election commission IEBC, threatening a boycott otherwise.? Tensions remain extremely high. Rhetoric remains highly charged.?
There have been local reports of parties recruiting youth into political gangs, known as pressure groups, to intimidate opponents and force them to retire from elections.? Harassment of civil society, journalists, bloggers, political opposition, and anti-corruption groups have been reported across the country in the lead-up to the elections.?? The police have named the following as likely hotspots for post-election violence: Ziwani, Langhies Road, Globe, Dandora, Makdara, Mowlem Savanah, Mukuru, Sinai, Umoji, and all the slums.?
Days before the elections, a large number of people moved from urban centres to their rural homes in fear of violence.?At least 14 people had already in died in violence since May 2016 over the 2017 elections process. There have been reports of young men carrying hate leaflets and machetes scaring away residents in urban centres.? On 31 July, the body of the electoral commission IT manager, Chris Msando, was found in a forest, after he was tortured and murdered.?
Politicians are reportedly inciting herders to invade ancestral land, and land disputes that are manipulated by politicians threaten security across the country.?