Presidential elections were held on 8 August, with an estimated 22.4 million people registered to vote, up from 14.4 million in 2013 (Reuters 10/12/2015). On 11 August, President Uhuru Kenyatta was declared president-elect, defeating Raila Odinga of the National Super Alliance (NASA).? Odinga rejected the preliminary results, claiming vote rigging by Kenyatta's Jubilee Party.? Protests at the results, mainly in Nairobi slums and Kisumu county, have left at least 24 people dead and 93 injured since 8 August.? On 1 September, in a 4:2 decision, the Supreme Court anulled the presidential elections due to irregularities, ordering for repeat elections within 60 days.? Kenyatta stated he respected the decision and called for peace, but he and his deputy Ruto said the Court had overturned the will of the people.? Ruto called the Court's decision a "coup".? Odinga demanded changes to the election commission IEBC, threatening a boycott.? On 9 October, the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights published a report stating that at least 37 people had been killed during the week after the elections. ?On 10 October, Odinga announced that he would withdraw from the repeat elections. ? Tensions remain extremely high. Rhetoric remains highly charged.? Isolated incidents of violence and protests occurred throughout September. ? ? Since the beginning of October, NASA has been staging protests against IEBC across the country. Some of them turned violent, for example in Bondo, Siaya county, where two people were shot dead by police during protests on 13 October. ? Protests in Nairobi, Kisumu, and Mombasa continued despite the government prohibiting protests in the central districts of these cities. ? In the run-up to the October 26 repeat elections, Odinga encouraged his supporters to disrupt the poll with mass protests. ?
The repeat election took place on 26 October, but was marred by legitimacy concerns, organisational difficulties, and violence. Kenyatta was declared winner, having won 98.2% of the vote. Voter turnout stood at 38%, significantly lower than during the elections in August, when 79% of voters had participated. ? In Kisumu, Homa Bay, Siaya, and parts of Migori county, the elections were disrupted by violence and alleged threats against polling clerks. ?The IEBC initially postponed the election in these counties, then cancelled entirely, indicating that voting could not have an impact on the election results anymore. ? In opposition strongholds, including Kisumu and Homa Bay, protesters erected roadblocks and clashed with the police on election day. Eight people were reportedly killed during the clashes. ? ? ? A Kenyan human rights organisation accused the police of having killed 13 people in relation to the elections on 26 October. ? On 31 October, Odinga announced that NASA would not accept the election results and called for a "resistance movement" to protest against the government with demonstrations and economic boycotts. ? The results of the repeat elections were challenged by three petitions filed at the Supreme Court. The Court is expected to announce its ruling on the petitions on 20 November. ? Tensions continue and further violence in the aftermath of the election is likely.
There have been local reports of parties recruiting youth into political gangs, known as pressure groups, to intimidate opponents and force them to retire from elections.? Harassment of civil society, journalists, bloggers, political opposition, and anti-corruption groups were reported across the country in the lead-up to the elections.?? Days before the August elections, a large number of people moved from urban centres to their rural homes in fear of violence.? There have been reports of young men carrying hate leaflets and machetes scaring away residents in urban centres.? Politicians are reportedly inciting herders to invade ancestral land, and land disputes that are manipulated by politicians threaten security across the country.? On 31 July, the body of the electoral commission IT manager, Chris Msando, was found in a forest, after he was tortured and murdered.?