Kenya hosts just under 500,000 refugees and asylum seekers.? Approximately 250,000 are in Dadaab, 177,000 in Kakuma, 67,000 are in Nairobi.??
Refugees from Somalia
As of 31 May, there are 304,892 refugees from Somalia. Most are in the northeastern Dadaab and Alinjugur refugee camps.? Somali refugees have increasingly been returning to Somalia, with 23,600 returning between 1 January- 30 April 2017, compared to 33,725 in 2016, and 6,000 in 2015. ? ? Due to severe drought conditions in southern Somalia, more than 2,000 Somalis have arrived in Dadaab in 2017 while 23,600 have returned as part of the voluntary repatriation programme.??
Although the closure of Dadaab was blocked by the high court in Kenya, returns of Somali refugees has been increasing annually since the repatriation programme was started in 2015. Nearly 2,000 refugees are arriving weekly into Somalia in 2017.?? This is despite the government of Kenya acknowledging the necessity of a stabilisation of the security situation in Somalia for returns to continue. Furthermore, famine-like conditions exist due to the drought in southern Somalia and Bay region, where most returnees arrive. The main reasons for leaving Kenya cited by the returnees are a lack of livelihood opportunities (24%), pressure from authorities (16%), and the return packages offered (16%). Food rations were cut by 50% in late 2016, creating an additional push factor for refugees to leave.? ? ?
Dadaab camp was flooded due to heavy rains in Garissa county in May, affecting nearly 63,000 people. Approximately 16,000 are severely affected and need food, shelter, and NFI assistance.?
Refugees from South Sudan
As of 31 May, there were 101,713 refugees from South Sudan.?
The rate of refugees from South Sudan is more or less stable: 7,018 refugees from South Sudan have arrived in Kakuma so far in 2017 compared to 14,391 in 2016.? Kalobeyei settlement, a self-sufficient settlement near Kakuma, hosts 26,000 refugees who have mostly been relocated from Kakuma and Dadaab.??
From other countries: As of 31 May, 29,894 refugees are from DRC, 27,640 from Ethiopia, 9,881 from Sudan, 10,591 from Burundi, 2,305 from Uganda 1,692 from Rwanda, and 1,594 from Eritrea. Most of these refugees are located in Nairobi and Kakuma camps. ?