In March and April 2018, heavy rains and flash floods affected at least 40 counties, following significantly above average Long Rains season rainfall. Some 291,000 people have been displaced since March. ? According to the Kenyan Red Cross, the Coast counties have been most affected, with over 145,000 people displaced. ? Since the beginning of the rains, some 64,000 people have been displaced in Tana River, 21,000 in Kilifi, 16,000 in Taita Taveta, and 2,200 in Lamu. ? Displacement was also reported in other counties, including Kisumu, Garissa, Baringo, Turkana, and Migori. ? Some people have started returning to their places of origin, although the number of IDP returns is unknown. ?
Humanitarian access: Since the beginning of the rainy season in March, floods have been disrupting transport in affected counties, including Turkana, Nakuru, Isiolo, Garissa, Kisumu, Wajir, Mandera, Marsabit, and Tana River. ? In Turkana county, supplies for the cholera response had to be airlifted due to infrastructure damage. ? Some 5,000 people are cut off from aid in Kipini West, Tana River. They are in need of food and health assistance. ?
Food security: Despite cropland destruction in some flood-affected areas, the rains have driven crop development, livestock body conditions have improved, and water availability has increased. ? Some households are facing Crisis as they lost their livelihoods to flooding and have not received sufficient food assistance. ? Infrastructure damage from flooding has disrupted market chains and led to price increases and food shortages. ? Access to markets is disrupted by infrastructure damage. ? An estimated 5,470 flood-displaced people in Baringo South do not have access to food and clean water. ?
Livelihoods: In March and April, floods have affected some 68,000 acres of farmland and killed more than 19,000 livestock across the country. ?
Health: Potential outbreak and spread of disease has raised health concerns. In Kisumu, some latrines have reportedly been flooded. ? Some 700 flood-related IDPs living in camps in Tana River are suffering from acute diarrhoea, skin infections, and infections of the respiratory system, due to congestion and contaminated water at the camp. ? In addition, some 14,000 children affected by the floods are in need of child-centered support, as the loss of family or community members and the destruction of homes could have a psychological impact on children. ?
WASH: In Garissa, Isiolo, and Makueni, community water systems were damaged. Pit latrines have been overflowing in some flood-affected areas. ? People displaced by floods in Garissa in mid-April are reportedly staying in temporary shelters without sufficient sanitation. ? In Eldume, Baringo South, floods in mid-April damaged the sanitation system for some 800 IDPs living in an IDP camp. ? Some 10,000 people in Garissa lack access to safe water as water systems were damaged by the floods. ? An estimated 5,470 flood-displaced people in Baringo South do not have access to clean water and food. ?
Shelter: In Eldume, Baringo South, an IDP camp with some 800 IDPs was affected by floods in mid-April. Damage to shelter was reported. ? Floods also affected the refugee camps at Dadaab, though the extent of shelter damage is unclear. ? In Solai, Nakuru county, some 2,100 people are in need of shelter after a dam broke on 9 May. ? Destruction and damage of houses was reported in various places including in Turkana, Siaya, Nairobi, and Nyanza. ?
Education: Across 15 counties, 739 schools remained closed after the start of the new school term in May. 329 schools are hosting IDPs. Over 3,200 schools do not have access to safe drinking water and over 6,600 schools reported damages to teaching and learning materials. ? In Baringo county, over 5,000 children are out of school due to flooding and banditry. ?
Protection: Over 530 children have been separated from their families due to the floods. For children living in IDP sites for flood-displaced people, there are protection concerns as some have reportedly been engaged in child labour. ?