• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,319,000 People displaced [?]
  • 777,000 People in Need [?]



Jordan hosted more than 672,000 registered Syrian refugees, but the actual total is estimated at around 1.3 million when those not registered are taken into account. Over 19,000 Palestinian refugees from Syria were also registered in Jordan. Around 90% of the Syrian refugees live outside the camps in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas of Amman, Irbid, Mafraq, and Zarqa. Around 130,000 Syrian refugees live in Azraq, Emirates Jordanian Camps, and Za’atari. ?

Around 80% of the Syrian refugees outside the camps live below the poverty line. Most Syrian families are relying on humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs. Before the pandemic, Syrian refugees living outside of camps spent more than two-thirds of their monthly household budget on shelter, leaving few resources for food, health, or education. They often resorted to negative coping mechanisms such as cutting meals, child labour, or early marriage. Urban refugees and host communities faced increased difficulties accessing basic services and earning an income because of the COVID-19 impact on wages and employment opportunities. ?


Latest Developments


Over 762,000 refugees and asylum seekers – mostly Syrians – have been increasingly struggling to afford basic services because of a rise in fuel and food prices in 2022About 80% of all refugees live in rented accommodations in central and northern Jordan. Between March–June, at least 30% of them have been facing threats of eviction as they are no longer able to pay the rent. More than half of the 3,000 refugee households assessed (13,600 people) reported struggling to pay monthly electricity bills between March–June. In September, access to food for more than 353,000 refugees has been affected following funding shortfalls in food response. Households are increasingly resorting to reducing food consumption and dropping children out of school to look for jobs instead. The high unemployment rate in Jordan (23%) leaves limited livelihood opportunities for refugees.?

Key Priorities


Livelihood: Access to employment remains low (135,000 work permits issued) and restricted in terms of sectors. Only 5% of work permits were assigned to women. The perception that work permits will impact assistance, lack of civil documents, stigma, and transportation and childcare arrangements is limiting refugees’ access to work ?.

Food Security: About 21% of Syrian refugee households are food-insecure, and 67% are vulnerable to food insecurity. COVID-19 compounded their economic vulnerabilities and led to an increase in the number of people adopting negative coping mechanisms ?.

Shelter: Refugees living outside of camps spend a large portion of their income on expensive, unsafe accommodation. Refugees in camps often occupy hazardous, inadequate, or overcrowded shelters ?.

Protection: Women and girls face multiple forms of gender-based violence in the Azraq refugee camp (hosting 37,700 refugees). The most significant threats include sexual harassment and assault, emotional and verbal abuse, domestic violence, and early marriage. Violence levels and intensity have notably increased since the onset of COVID-19 ?.