Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 235,000 People displaced [?]
Iraq is host to a total of approximately 253,000 Syrian refugees and Palestinian refugees registered in Syria (PRS), including 154,000 Syrian children. ? They are expected to remain in Iraq, as only 2% of Syrian refugees expressed their intention to return to Syria within the next year. ?The refugees require continuous humanitarian assistance. 99% of Syrian refugees in Iraq live in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), mostly in urban and peri-urban areas. 37% of all Syrian refugees reside in nine camps in KR-I. ?
People living in the affected governorates of Erbil, Dahuk, and Sulaymaniyah already faced limited resources and destruction of critical infrastructure after years of war. Similar to their host communities, refugees, and particularly those living in camps, have high needs for food, health, and WASH. Adequate winterised shelter arrangements are a priority need. Livelihood opportunities are needed to ensure sustainable solutions. ?
A small number of refugees with high, acute vulnerabilities are considered for resettlement into third countries. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Refugee influx in the Northwest
Following the start of Turkish military operations in the Northeast of Syria, 19,497 Syrians crossed into the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I) between 14 October 2019 and 15 January 2020. 75% of new arrivals are women and children. Most used informal crossing points close to the villages of Sahela and al Waleed, as regular crossing was not possible.?
Iraqi authorities opened the camps of Domiz, Bardarash, and Gawilan in Dohuk to host all incoming refugees. Other camps are being considered for future arrivals. As of 17 December, 6,329 Syrians had been allowed to leave the camps and live with relatives in the KR-I, while 525 had returned to Syria. Overall, around 180,000 people have been displaced after the clashes, including civilians and health and humanitarian workers. Up to 50,000 Syrians could enter Iraq up to six months after the start of the military operations.?
The main concerns among refugee families surveyed in November 2019 in Bardarash camp were limitations to freedom of movement, lack of livelihood and educational opportunities, provision of shelter for winter, and availability of legal documentation. The majority of the refugees surveyed planned to remain in Iraq. The humanitarian response has focused on providing food, water, blankets, sleeping bags, tents, and sanitation kits, along with medical assistance, the improvement of camp infrastructure, and educational services.?
Information Gaps and Needs
- Data on sectoral needs, including disaggregated data by gender, age, and disabilities, is missing.
- Enrollment numbers in informal and formal educational facilities among Syrian refugees are unknown.
- Information on poverty levels among Syrian refugees in Iraq is lacking.