Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 235,000 People displaced [?]
Iraq is host to a total of approximately 253,000 Syrian refugees and Palestinian refugees registered in Syria (PRS), including 154,000 Syrian children. ? They are expected to remain in Iraq, as only 2% of Syrian refugees expressed their intention to return to Syria within the next year. ?The refugees require continuous humanitarian assistance. 99% of Syrian refugees in Iraq live in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), mostly in urban and peri-urban areas. 37% of all Syrian refugees reside in nine camps in KR-I. ?
People living in the affected governorates of Erbil, Dahuk, and Sulaymaniyah already faced limited resources and destruction of critical infrastructure after years of war. Similar to their host communities, refugees, and particularly those living in camps, have high needs for food, health, and WASH. Adequate winterised shelter arrangements are a priority need. Livelihood opportunities are needed to ensure sustainable solutions. ?
A small number of refugees with high, acute vulnerabilities are considered for resettlement into third countries. ?
Following the start of Turkish military operations in the North-East of Syria, 17,459 Syrians crossed into the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I) between 14 October and 2 December 2019, according to IOM. 334 of them decided to return to Syria. 75% of new arrivals are reportedly women and children. The most used informal crossing points are close to the villages of Sahela and al Waleed. Iraqi authorities have so far opened three camps in the Dohuk governorate to host the recent influx of Syrian refugees: Domiz, Bardarash, and Gawilan camp. Other camps are being considered for accommodating future arrivals. As of 24 November, 5,307 Syrians were allowed to live outside these refugee camps.
UNHCR assessed that around 180,000 people were displaced in the region after the clashes, including civilians, health and humanitarian workers. The UN agency also estimated that up to 50,000 Syrians might enter Iraq in the coming six months due to the conflict. The Syrian population fled bringing only few personal belongings. The humanitarian response has focused on the provision of food, water, blankets, sleeping bags, tents, sanitation kits, along with medical assistance.?
Information Gaps and Needs
- Data on sectoral needs, including disaggregated data by gender, age, and disabilities, is missing.
- Enrollment numbers in informal and formal educational facilities among Syrian refugees are unknown.
- Information on poverty levels among Syrian refugees in Iraq is lacking.