• Crisis Severity ?
    2.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    1.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    2.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    2.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 245,000 People displaced [?]

Overview

14/02/2021

Iraq hosts approximately 329,500 refugees, including 241,650 from Syria, 40,850 from other countries, and 47,000 stateless people ?. 99% of the Syrian refugees in Iraq live in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) in Erbil, Duhok, and Sulaymaniyah governorates. Around 60% of the refugees reside in urban areas, while the rest live in nine camps in the KRI ?. While Iraq lacks legal frameworks for refugee protection which prevents refugees from gaining residency rights and other benefits, local authorities and host communities are accommodating towards the refugee population ?.

In the past, communities in Erbil, Dahuk, and Sulaymaniyah governorates already faced a challenging political and economic climate. An increased demand for basic services, limited financial and livelihood resources, and destruction of critical infrastructure after years of war have put additional pressure on host communities. Around 207,000 members of host communities are in need of humanitarian assistance in these three governorates ?.

Because of a dependency on oil revenues, the economic slowdown resulting from the oil price decline has negatively affected the livelihood opportunities of both Iraqis and Syrian refugees and the provision of public services. Access to employment and livelihood opportunities remains one of the main needs reported by Syrian refugees. A lack of livelihood opportunities is the root cause of many child protection and education issues, such as child labour and child marriage ?. Both host communities and refugees – particularly those living in camps – report significant food, health, and WASH needs ?. The COVID-19 outbreak has further aggravated the situation for refugees by imposing movement and lockdown restrictions, leading to an economic slowdown that has negatively affected food security ?.

Information Gaps and Needs

14/02/2021
  • Data on sectoral needs, including disaggregated data by gender, age, and disabilities, is missing.
  • Enrollment numbers in informal and formal educational facilities among Syrian refugees are unknown.
  • Information on poverty levels among Syrian refugees in Iraq is lacking.