• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 2,500,000 People in Need [?]



Social, ethnic, and sectarian tensions persist in Iraq more than three years after the country’s victory over Islamic State (IS) in 2017. The Kurdish Region of Iraq (KRI) continues to experience security tensions in areas bordering Türkiye, while northwestern and central governorates continue to be at risk of IS-initiated violent attacks. The southern region has been exposed to tribal clashes, criminal activity, and political violence because of the security forces’ focus on fighting IS insurgency in central and northern Iraq. Frustration over corruption, poor public services, and lack of jobs has led to widespread public protests, mainly in the south region and Baghdad?

There are approximately 1.18 million IDPs in Iraq, more than 70% of whom are located in Ninewa, Dahuk, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, and Kirkuk governorates?. The majority of IDPs live in private settings, while around 20% are in camps ?. As at November 2021, more than 4.93 million IDPs had returned to their areas of origin or other areas. The returnees mostly went to Ninewa, Anbar, Salah Al-Din, Kirkuk, and Diyala governorates ?

Many IDPs face relocation or forced returns because of camp closures, which are part of a government campaign, ongoing since 2019, to return IDPs home. As at January 2021, 16 IDP sites had been closed. Three formal camps in Anbar and Ninewa governorates and 25 camps in the KRI remain open ?. The prolonged nature of displacement leads to increased vulnerabilities among returnees and IDPs who face multiple needs, including health, food, livelihoods, and adequate shelter ?.

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Information Gaps and Needs


The tracking of IDPs who became refugees and the number of refugee returnees is lacking. Their needs and their whereabouts remain mostly unknown.