Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.20 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
In December 2017, the then Iraqi Prime minister Haider al-Abadi announced victory over the Islamic State (IS), three years after the militant group captured a third of Iraq's territory.?Following IS defeat, the number of families returning to their place of origin increased. The rate of return is now decreasing largely due to the lack of safety, basic services and critical infrastructure. The lack of national reconciliation between the different sects and ethnicities across the country is contributing to protracted displacement and often leads to forced returns, displacement, and blocked returns. There are 1.5 million IDPs in Iraq, many in protracted displacement or at risk of long term displacement. The majority of IDPS live in private, out of camp settings. Almost 55,730 IDPs reside in 43 formal camps (67 including sub-camps). Salah al-Din and Ninewa governorates host the highest number of returnees living in severe conditions.?
In August 2019, the Government of Iraq consolidated and closed a number of IDP camps, aiming to have all IDPs returned home by the end of 2020. Returnees encounter challenges such as difficulty re-establishing livelihoods, that prevent return. The prolonged nature of displacement has led to increased vulnerabilities among IDPs who face multiple needs, including health, food, and adequate shelter, especially during winter months. Many children in both in- and out-of-camp settings are out of school.?
Some 3,400 square kilometres of agricultural and urban land is contaminated by landmines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and is a threat to safety. Homes, schools, hospitals and vital infrastructure are littered with dangerous explosives and many accidents have been reported; the situation deters IDPs from returning to their homes.?
For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph on the country level page.
Iraqi IDPs and Returnees in 2020
Source : IOM - http://iraqdtm.iom.int/
Protection: Vulnerable Iraqis who are associated with or accused of having IS ties are repeatedly denied aid and services by local authorities. A minimum of 45,000 (est.) IDP children in camps, specifically those born under IS rule, are missing civil documentation. This excludes them from attending school, accessing healthcare and other basic services. The process to obtain the documents lasts between 6 months and 2 years due to complex bureaucratic procedures and high corruption rates. ?
Information Gaps and Needs
- The tracking of IDPs who became refugees and the number of refugee returnees is lacking. Their needs and their whereabouts remain mostly unknown.