Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 2,500,000 People in Need [?]
Social, ethnic, and sectarian tensions persist in Iraq more than three years after the country’s victory over Islamic State (IS) in 2017. The Kurdish Region of Iraq (KRI) continues to experience security tensions in areas bordering Türkiye, while northwestern and central governorates continue to be at risk of IS-initiated violent attacks. The southern region has been exposed to tribal clashes, criminal activity, and political violence because of the security forces’ focus on fighting IS insurgency in central and northern Iraq. Frustration over corruption, poor public services, and lack of jobs has led to widespread public protests, mainly in the south region and Baghdad?
There are approximately 1.18 million IDPs in Iraq, more than 70% of whom are located in Ninewa, Dahuk, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, and Kirkuk governorates?. The majority of IDPs live in private settings, while around 20% are in camps ?. As at November 2021, more than 4.93 million IDPs had returned to their areas of origin or other areas. The returnees mostly went to Ninewa, Anbar, Salah Al-Din, Kirkuk, and Diyala governorates ?.
Many IDPs face relocation or forced returns because of camp closures, which are part of a government campaign, ongoing since 2019, to return IDPs home. As at January 2021, 16 IDP sites had been closed. Three formal camps in Anbar and Ninewa governorates and 25 camps in the KRI remain open ?. The prolonged nature of displacement leads to increased vulnerabilities among returnees and IDPs who face multiple needs, including health, food, livelihoods, and adequate shelter ?.
No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Iraqi IDPs and Returnees in 2020 and 2021
Source : IOM - http://iraqdtm.iom.int/
Information Gaps and Needs
The tracking of IDPs who became refugees and the number of refugee returnees is lacking. Their needs and their whereabouts remain mostly unknown.