4.1 million people in Iraq require shelter and NFI support.?
3.3 million people live in informal settlements due to the conflict. Between 95,000 to 116,000 IDPs live in informal sites such as abandoned private or public buildings and are vulnerable to forced evictions by local authorities.?
Most returnees live in their habitual residence.? As people begin to return, however, disputes over housing, land and property (HLP) rights have occurred, causing post-conflict tensions between returnees and host communities. Occupation of properties by other families, changed land boundaries, and lost documentation to prove their claims to property are common HLP problems. In many areas, government records were destroyed and people cannot afford replacement documents.? IDPs have cited damaged houses (51%) and occupied property (41%) as the main obstacles preventing return to their areas of origin. ?
Torrential rainfall has affected several regions in Iraq during the start of the rainy season 2018. On 22 and 23 November severe floods displaced thousands of people. 10,000 people in Salah al-Din province and 22,000 people in Ninewa province, including many IPDs, are estimated to be in need of assistance for food, shelter and NFIs as well as safe drinking water, medicine and hygiene kits. Houses, roads, livestock and household items have been damaged, destroyed or lost. 21 people have died and 180 are injured in Qayyarah IPD camps (Mosul District, southern Ninewa Governorate). Tent replacement, provision of WASH services, and drainage/clearing operations are urgently needed for IDPs residing in the Qayyarah Airstrip camp, Jeddah camps 1 - 6, Salamiyah camps 1 and 2, Hamam Al Alil camp 2 and Nimrud Camp. Humanitarian access is limited as roads are flooded and blocked by debris. More rain is expected in the next week.?
Since 8 November, Diyala province has been exposed to heavy seasonal rains, affecting more than 1500 people so far. Most affected is Baladrouz township in Mandali district. Main roads between the centres of Ghazaniya, Mandeli, and Baladrouz districts are impassible due to flooding. The main bridges in these districts may stay closed due to the fear of them collapsing. Some villages were evacuated by helicopters the Diyala Operations Command. Access remains challenging to provide needed relief items, especially since more rains are forecast. Shelter and food are the main priority needs. Protection concerns arise since remnants of war can be washed away by flash floods. The rains also hit the localities of Al-Zohor, Hanon and Mohammed Al Musa in the Bridge area. ? There is no reported information about humanitarian needs. However, access will most likely be challenging.
In the end of October, heavy seasonal rains in Erbil and Sulaymaniyah provinces damaged houses and destroyed bridges and roads. Most affected areas included the foothills of Mount Qandil, Soran district and Balakayati region (Erbil). In Erbil,17 villages had been cut off because of damaged road infrastructure, and many more have no access to electricity due to at least 150 destroyed power pylons. In Varte village, Rawdandoz district, Erbil, 102 houses were damaged and a school, a mosque and a local hospital were destroyed. Flash floods affected villages around Mount Qandil including Endiz, where an estimated 100 people were forced to evacuate because of damaged homes and risk of landslides, as rains are most likely to continue. Simelan's city centre (Erbil), was blocked by floods and rocks from Halgurd Mountain. Floodwaters in Balakayati damaged many houses and agricultural fields. In Rawdandoz district, Erbil, more than 398 families, around 2000 people, had been forced to leave their homes. ?Shelter is a priority need, especially for displaced people living in KR-I whose housing arrangements are often inadequate and not winterised. Direct impacts to mostly Syrian refugees and IPDs residing in the area remain unclear. Access to healthcare is challenging. Flash floods and rock slides occur regularly when KR-I's rainy season starts, both in autumn and spring. ? However there is a lack of updated information, it is presumed that humanitarian needs and the damages to critical infrastructure are still prevalent.