Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Between 31 December 2019 and 1 January 2020, the Northeast monsoon brought rainfall to Indonesia, causing severe flooding across the Greater Jakarta area. In West Java, Banten, and DKI Jakarta provinces, 74 districts and 293 sub-districts were hit by flooding and 61 people died. More than 500,000 people were affected by the flooding, which forced 175,000 people from their homes. Within two weeks, the total number of displaced decreased to 19,000. The monsoon rains caused landslides, particularly in Banten and West Java provinces, and high tides reportedly caused water to remain inland for several days, restricting access to affected communities.?
Several factors contributed to the impact of flooding, including the high population density of the Jakarta region and weak flood warning systems and disaster mitigation infrastructure in the provinces hardest-hit by flooding.?
Heavy rainfall in the greater Jakarta area between 24 February and 1 March has displaced 46,000 people to 88 emergency shelters. The hardest-hit area was East Jakarta. Severe flooding was also recorded in Bekasi regency, North and West Jakarta, and Tangerang City. Nine people were killed, 16,000 homes damaged, and 220,000 people affected by the floods. Provincial disaster management agencies and the Indonesian Red Cross are coordinating the response, setting up field kitchens, and distributing relief items. This is the second time the greater Jakarta area has experienced severe flooding this year. Across the country, as many as 1.4 million people have been temporarily displaced by flooding in 2020. The recurring rainfall is raising concerns about long-term food security in West Java, where rice fields have been saturated and 13,000 hectares of crops have already been destroyed this year. The government has begun distributing rice seeds for replanting and is conducting assessments.?
Flooding caused power outages, road closures, damage to a bridge in Banten, and impaired telecommunications which restricted response efforts.?
WASH: Poor drainage systems and damage to WASH infrastructure has restricted access to clean drinking water for displaced and non-displaced people.?
Health: Previous Jakarta flooding led to the spread of hepatitis A, dengue, malaria, typhus, and skin and respiratory illnesses. Spread of disease is particularly concerning given the population density of the area affected by flooding.?