• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



An earthquake measuring 5.6 on the Ritcher scale occurred in West Java province on 21 November 2022. The epicenter of the earthquake was located 10km southwest of Cianjur regency. The impact of the earthquake has been significant because of its proximity to fault lines, shallowness of the quake, and inadequate critical infrastructure that cannot withstand the shakes. Indonesia remains among the top countries most hit by earthquakes yearly. ?

As at 28 November, more than 320 people had died, 100 being children, and more than 2,000 were injured from the quake. The numbers are likely to rise as search and rescue teams find bodies covered under debris and 11 people are still reported missing. Around 62,000 houses have been damaged and 171 public facilities, including schools and hospitals destroyed. More than 73,000 people have been displaced and are staying in makeshift tents with no ventilation and limited space. Each tent shelters at least 15 displaced people. ?

Commercial premises have also suffered damages from the earthquake affecting people’s livelihoods. In Cianjur, the most affected regency by the earthquake, people generally work in small- and medium-sized enterprises, for the manufacturing industry, which rely on the local consumption.  As the infrastructure was damaged, people employed in the enterprises saw their livelihoods affected. ?

Heavy rains have been experienced in some areas affected earthquake between 23-25 November, making it difficult for search and rescue teams to conduct operations. Main priorities for people in need are emergency food aid, shelter, NFIs, health services, WASH, child and women protection services, and the recovery of infrastructure. ?

Key Priorities


Shelter, repair, and rehabilitation: Displaced people need shelter, as the earthquake damaged and destroyed many homes. The affected population need repair and rehabilitation assistance, including financial help to repair and rebuild buildings. ?

Food and NFIs: The affected people need food, such as canned and instant food and milk. They also need NFIs, including daily necessities, such as toothbrushes and shampoos, clothing items, diapers for children, family tents, tarps, blankets, mattresses, and jerrycans. ?

WASH: The affected population needs access to potable water and sanitation facilities, such as ablution and handwashing systems and toilets. There is also a need to install water supplies, conduct water quality tests and the chlorination of water supplies, and provide hygiene education. ?

Health: The affected population needs healthcare services and items, including home-based care services, first aid kits, and medicine. Skin conditions, diarrhoea, fever, influenza-like illnesses, and injuries have been recorded in health facilities following the earthquake. Many of these conditions are likely caused by the poor living conditions of the affected population and current weather patterns. There is a need for psychosocial support, especially for those displaying stress reactions. ?