• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 237,655,000 Total population [?]
  • 604,000 People displaced [?]
  • 1,467,000 People in Need [?]



Indonesia sits on the Pacific ‘Ring of Fire’ and is prone to frequent natural disasters in the form of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, flooding, and tsunamis. The biggest disasters of 2018 were the series of earthquakes affecting Lombok (West Nusa Tenggara province) in July, the tsunami in Central Sulawesi in September, and the Sunda Straits tsunami caused by the Anak Krakatoa eruption in December.?It is estimated that at least 1.47 million people, including some 64,000 displaced, remain in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of the three disasters. People have needs across several sectors, including food, shelter, healthcare, WASH and livelihoods.?The government disaster agency and national NGOs, with input from international donors and a few select international agencies, continue to respond to these disasters.

Violence spiked in the independence conflict between West Papuans and the Indonesian state in late 2018, and thousands of people were reportedly displaced by violence between December 2018 and February 2019. Information about the extent and nature of violence and associated fatalities is hard to verify because access to West Papua for international media, human rights groups, and NGOs is restricted.?However, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights expressed concern relating to an increasing crackdown on Papuan protests, with arrests by Indonesian security forces.?

INFORM measures Indonesia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.7/10.?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.