Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Indonesia sits on the Pacific ‘Ring of Fire’ and is at risk of multiple natural hazards such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides, tropical cyclones, tsunamis, and flooding. This exposure to natural hazards, coupled with rapid urbanisation and low coping capacity, leaves populations vulnerable to disasters. INFORM measures Indonesia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.8/10.?
On 14 January, a 5.7 magnitude earthquake struck West Sulawesi province. On 15 January, a 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the same area, with 32 aftershocks recorded until the morning of 16 January. The earthquake affected the regencies of Majene, Mamuju, and Polewali Mandar, displacing 94,500 people, killing 105, and injuring 11,000, and damaging health facilities, schools, and over 24,000 homes and public buildings. As assessments are still underway, more damage is expected to be reported.?
Active insurgency in Papua and West Papua provinces, led by the Free Papua Movement – which calls for the independence of the provinces – has resulted in clashes with the country’s armed forces. The Indonesian government has been repeatedly accused of human rights violations and violent suppression of the movement. The number of people displaced by insurgency-related violence is unknown, but reports suggest as many as 5,000 people are living in IDP camps in Nduga regency. Conditions in camps are poor and IDPs are in need of protection, shelter, food, non-food items, and health assistance.?
23/02/2021: Since 19 February, heavy rainfall has affected West Java province and Jakarta, causing rivers to overflow resulting in extensive flooding. The situation in Greater Jakarta (Jabodetabek) and Karawang regency is of particular concern, with 31,300 people displaced and over 176,000 affected. Humanitarian needs assessments and response are underway.?
15/02/2021: As many as 650 people from Bilogai, Kumbalagupa and Puyagiya villages, in Sugapa district (Papua province), are displaced since 8 February out of fear of clashes between government forces and the West Papua National Liberation Army (PNLA). Those displaced are staying in religious centres, with limited food provisions. It is unclear when they will be able to return home due to insecurity in the area.?