Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Indonesia sits on the Pacific ‘Ring of Fire’ and is at risk of multiple natural hazards such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, landslides, tropical cyclones, tsunamis, and flooding. This exposure to natural hazards, coupled with rapid urbanisation and low coping capacity, leaves populations vulnerable to natural disasters.?
On 14 January 2021, a 5.7 magnitude earthquake struck West Sulawesi province. On 15 January, a 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the same area, with 32 aftershocks recorded until the morning of 16 January. The earthquake affected the regencies of Majene, Mamuju, and Polewali Mandar, displacing 94,500 people, killing 105, and injuring 11,000, and damaging health facilities, schools, and over 24,000 homes and public buildings.?
Active insurgency in Papua and West Papua provinces, led by the Free Papua Movement – which calls for the independence of the provinces – has resulted in clashes with the country’s armed forces. The Indonesian government has been repeatedly accused of human rights violations and violent suppression of the movement. The number of people displaced by insurgency-related violence is unknown, but reports suggest as many as 5,000 people are living in IDP camps in Nduga regency. Conditions in camps are poor and IDPs are in need of protection, shelter, food, NFIs, and health assistance.?
INFORM measures Indonesia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.8/10.?
Tropical cyclone Seroja hit southeastern Indonesia on 5 April causing heavy rains, flooding, and landslides and affecting over 30,000 people. The cyclone first impacted the Nusa Tenggara islands, but impacted Maluku island, Bali, and Sulawesi islands as well. Up to 130 fatalities and over 8,400 displaced people were reported in East Nusa Tenggara province as at 6 April and over 70 people are missing. Lamanele village on Adonara island reported the highest death toll with at least 60 fatalities. The cyclone damaged over 2,000 houses and at least 13 public facilities, including a solar power plant. Damaged and blocked roads and fallen bridges are complicating rescue efforts. Acute shelter, WASH, and NFI needs are expected. Electricity, phone, and internet networks have been disrupted in Nusa Tenggara, limiting communications. Crowded evacuation centres pose a high risk of COVID-19 transmission. Seroja is forecast to strengthen as it moves southwest, with winds up to 195 km/h possible on 10 April.?
Shelter: Shelter is urgently required for people who have been displaced because of conflict and natural hazards. Where shelter is available it is often overcrowded, heightening the risk of COVID-19 transmission.
Health: Health facilities in West Papua are largely below national standards, with a number of health workers unable to work because of active conflict. Limited access to healthcare because of active conflict remains an ongoing issue, particularly with the increasing number of COVID-19 cases on the island.?