Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.0 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 16,991,000 People exposed [?]
In the disputed region of Kashmir, conflict has recently intensified at the Line of Control dividing India administered Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir) and Pakistan administered Kashmir (Azad Kashmir). The desire for autonomy in regions of Kashmir has led to uprisings and independence movements. Rising tension is disrupting civilian life and raising protection concerns for residents in Kashmir region. Cross-border fire exchanges and shelling has killed civilians, although there is a lack of available data on the number of people affected. Following security incidents in March 2019, over 15,000 people have been displaced and over 100 houses were damaged in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. ?
Militant groups in the region have recruited young people to use violence for Kashmir’s freedom. ? Jaish-e-Muhammed (JEM), a Pakistan armed group, aims to seize control over Indian-administered Kashmir through targeted attacks. ? The most recent escalation in conflict was triggered by a JEM suicide attack in India-administered Kashmir on 14 February, killing over 40 Indian security personnel. ?
The Indian government has divided the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh, a remote Buddhist enclave. The downgrade follows the Indian government’s move to strip Jammu and Kashmir of its semiautonomous status in August. As a union territory, public services such as education, infrastructure, and healthcare fall under the jurisdiction of the federal government. It also opens the territory to easier migration from other parts of India. Since the August crackdown began, schools have remained empty and shops closed, and militant attacks, especially against civilians and non-Kashmiri migrants have intensified. The downgrading of Jammu and Kashmir’s status is likely to exacerbate militant movements. Between 14 and 30 October, 11 non-Kashmiri migrants have been killed and reports suggest that militants have threatened Kashmiri citizens from opening their businesses, going to school, or returning to normal life. ?
Information Gaps and Needs
There is no crisis severity score for the Regional Kashmir conflict due to the lack of available data.