Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Jammu and Kashmir has been a territory of the Indian-administered Kashmir region since 1947. In August 2019, the Indian Government issued a presidential decree revoking Articles 370 and 35A, which had previously granted Jammu and Kashmir special autonomous status. This was the most far-reaching political move concerning the disputed region in nearly seven decades. The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act of 2019 introduced the Ladakh union territory – previously part of Jammu and Kashmir state – and downgraded Jammu and Kashmir from state to union territory, officially placing it entirely under the jurisdiction of the central government.?
In June 2020, conflict between Indian and Chinese forces in the Ladakh union territory was recorded for the first time in 45 years. It resulted in the deaths of at least 20 Indian soldiers and one Chinese soldier. The dispute over Ladakh between India and China remains unresolved. Poor demarcation along the Line of Actual Control contributes to increasing tensions and continued insecurity, as both countries try to expand their geopolitical influence.?
There is limited information regarding the humanitarian situation in Indian-administered Kashmir, partly because of the internet shutdown. Reports indicate that human rights violations by both militants and Indian security forces are common. Access to livelihoods and education is often disrupted because of the forced closure of businesses, schools, and markets. Healthcare is affected by communications disruptions and restrictions on movement.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Information Gaps and Needs
There is no INFORM Severity Index crisis score for the Kashmir conflict because of the lack of available data.
Access to the region is limited for humanitarian organisations and international media. Within Jammu and Kashmir, restrictions on movement and communications disruptions are common. Information regarding the severity of humanitarian needs or the affected population is limited.