Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
Honduras and Nicaragua: Hurricane Eta
In 2021, mobility restrictions imposed by COVID-19 and hurricanes Eta and Iota affected state authorities' presence in some areas of the country. The lack of state presence and weak institutions have allowed organised armed groups and drug trafficking structures to strengthen, especially in municipalities far from the urban centres. ?
Since 2013, widespread insecurity, poverty, and high levels of violence have displaced many people within and beyond Honduras' borders. It is estimated that at least 247,090 Hondurans (2.7% of the population) have been internally displaced between 2014–2018. As for international displacement, from 2018–2021, at least 250,978 Hondurans were deported from other countries back to Honduras. This number provides an indication of how many people left Honduras in the past two years. The number is likely higher as it is difficult to track migration through irregular routes. ?
Honduras is part of the Central American Dry Corridor and experiences erratic rainfall and prolonged periods of drought, resulting in heavy crop losses. The socioeconomic impact of COVID-19 restrictions and weather emergencies have increased prices, affecting food access and availability. From December 2021 to February 2022, at least 1,987,000 people have been facing IPC 3 levels of food insecurity, and an additional 241,000 are in IPC 4. The most affected departments by food insecurity are Gracias a Dios, Lempira, La Paz, Francisco Morazán, Cortés, and Yoro. ?
More than 24,000 undocumented migrants and asylum seekers have entered Honduras in 2022 – at least 15,000 of them between mid-March and the end of April – many through the municipalities of Trojes and Danlí, on the border with Nicaragua. Mainly from South American, Caribbean, and African countries, people on the move use Honduras as a transit country to reach the United States. The inability to pay a $200 fine for violating the Migration and Foreigners Law has left many to stagnate in the border area. As of 3 May, a three-month amnesty from the fine has been approved to regulate movement. The high number of migrants and asylum seekers in transit in Trojes and Danlí continue to need shelter as both municipalities have reached full capacity. Basic sanitation and hygiene kits, drinking water, NFIs, food, and medical care are also needed. ?
Humanitarian access has remained stable over the last six months in Honduras. Although the Government does not deny the number of people affected and the humanitarian crisis, the presence of criminal gangs and drug cartels limits humanitarian access for the affected population. Their control over territories impedes the passage of the population to areas where humanitarian aid is available. Armed gangs are often reported to impose quotas on the passage of staff and humanitarian aid items.
Along with difficulties faced by humanitarians, the internal displacement of the population aggravates the situation and the possibility for IDPs to easily access services. The municipalities located in Choloma, La Ceiba, San Pedro Sula, and Tegucigalpa have the highest number of displaced people. 43% of the population lives in rural areas with limited road infrastructure, making humanitarian access difficult.
In the last six months, there have been reports of floods and storms, mostly in rural areas such as La Mosquitia and the eastern and western regions, which contribute to the further deterioration of the conditions of road infrastructure that is essential for aid transportation and provision.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food Security and livelihoods: The arrival of an El Niño episode in the beginning of 2019 lead to below average rains which improved later in the year. Food production and availability for impoverished rural communities relying on agricultural livelihoods was nonetheless constrained by the early below average rains.?
Protection: High levels of gang-violence and other criminal activities drive displacement in the Northern Triangle, where homicide rates are among the highest in the world. In 2019 247,000people were displaced because of violence.?
IMPACT OF COVID-19
The COVID-19 crisis is having a severe impact on food security, particularly in Central America. Basic grains had maintained low and stable prices thanks to the recent harvest season, but the COVID-19 emergency has led to massive purchases and higher prices. The World Food Programme (WFP) estimates that in Honduras around 2.9 million people were in Crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3 or above) in December 2020– March 2021. ???High acute food insecurity levels are expected for Honduras in 2021. ?
As of 6 May, there are 216, 964 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Honduras. The pandemic is putting a strain on the country's health system, with hospital occupancy rates ranging between 94% to 145%. There is a general lack of medical staff, health supplies, and medicines. The national health system requires support to guarantee other regular health services, especially in the areas of newborn and maternal health. ?