Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
Honduras and Nicaragua: Hurricane Eta
Widespread insecurity, high levels of violence, and food insecurity have displaced many people inside and across Honduras’ borders. An estimated 190,000 Hondurans are internally displaced due to conflict and violence?
In October 2018, between 7,000 and 10,000 migrants left Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala to form two large caravans and multiple smaller groups travelling by foot towards the United States border. A smaller caravan headed North between 14 and 30 January 2019. Migrants continue to migrate through Mexico to its shared border with the US, facing danger and risk throughout their journey. Migrants are on the move to escape violence and persecution, improve their economic situation, or be reunited with their families. ?
Honduras is part of Central America’s ‘Dry Corridor’ and experiences irregular rainfall and prolonged periods of drought, leading to major crop losses and food insecurity. An El Niño episode is expected to affect Honduras in the first seven months of 2019, exacerbating an already precarious food security and nutrition situation, especially for rural communities. ?
As at 8 July, between 3,000–5,000 Haitian migrants in Honduras were without shelter and unable to access transportation, travelling on foot to reach Guatemala and move towards the US. Protection concerns have been reported during their journey through Honduras, including extortion and abuse by public officials and armed groups.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Global access constraints in Honduras remain stable, however Hurricanes Eta and Iota, which hit the country in November 2020, caused severe damage to infrastructure that has yet to be rebuilt. Many schools, hospitals, roads, bridges, and water wells are damaged and in need of repair. Pre-existing access constraints linked to the remoteness of some areas were worsened by the impact of the hurricanes in the region. Gang violence poses threats to population movement, restricting people’s access to services and humanitarian assistance. General insecurity in areas controlled by gangs or where gangs are active limits humanitarian operations and makes it difficult for staff to access the affected population. Gang members sometimes charge quotas for the passage of goods and personnel or impose access conditions, such as asking gang leaders for permission to conduct humanitarian activities in the area.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food Security and livelihoods: The arrival of an El Niño episode in the beginning of 2019 lead to below average rains which improved later in the year. Food production and availability for impoverished rural communities relying on agricultural livelihoods was nonetheless constrained by the early below average rains.?
Protection: High levels of gang-violence and other criminal activities drive displacement in the Northern Triangle, where homicide rates are among the highest in the world. In 2019 247,000people were displaced because of violence.?
IMPACT OF COVID-19
The COVID-19 crisis is having a severe impact on food security, particularly in Central America. Basic grains had maintained low and stable prices thanks to the recent harvest season, but the COVID-19 emergency has led to massive purchases and higher prices. The World Food Programme (WFP) estimates that in Honduras around 2.9 million people were in Crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3 or above) in December 2020– March 2021. ???High acute food insecurity levels are expected for Honduras in 2021. ?
As of 6 May, there are 216, 964 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Honduras. The pandemic is putting a strain on the country's health system, with hospital occupancy rates ranging between 94% to 145%. There is a general lack of medical staff, health supplies, and medicines. The national health system requires support to guarantee other regular health services, especially in the areas of newborn and maternal health. ?