Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Widespread insecurity, high levels of violence, and food insecurity have displaced many people inside and across Honduras’ borders. An estimated 190,000 Hondurans are internally displaced due to conflict and violence?
In October 2018, between 7,000 and 10,000 migrants left Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala to form two large caravans and multiple smaller groups travelling by foot towards the United States border. A smaller caravan headed North between 14 and 30 January 2019. Migrants continue to migrate through Mexico to its shared border with the US, facing danger and risk throughout their journey. Migrants are on the move to escape violence and persecution, improve their economic situation, or be reunited with their families. ?
Honduras is part of Central America’s ‘Dry Corridor’ and experiences irregular rainfall and prolonged periods of drought, leading to major crop losses and food insecurity. An El Niño episode is expected to affect Honduras in the first seven months of 2019, exacerbating an already precarious food security and nutrition situation, especially for rural communities. ?
Approximately 3,5000 – 4,000 migrants and asylum seekers left Honduras on 30 September to cross the western border with Guatemala, aiming to reach the United States. Around 800 children are in the group. This is the biggest ‘migrant caravan’ to leave Honduras since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Guatemalan security forces were overpowered and migrants were able to cross from Honduras into Guatemala, reaching some departments with high COVID-19 transmission rates. The migrants and asylum seekers lack hygiene, water, and food supplies and are travelling in areas recording high temperatures. As of 8 October, more than 3,000 Hondurans have been forced to return. Only 15 people from the group have been able to applied for refugee status in Guatemala. Humanitarians in Honduras are monitoring the situation in case more assistance is needed at returnee reception centres.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Food Security and livelihoods: The arrival of an El Niño episode in the beginning of 2019 lead to below average rains which improved later in the year. Food production and availability for impoverished rural communities relying on agricultural livelihoods was nonetheless constrained by the early below average rains.?
Protection: High levels of gang-violence and other criminal activities drive displacement in the Northern Triangle, where homicide rates are among the highest in the world. In 2019 247,000people were displaced because of violence.?
Asylum-Cooperation Agreement with the US (RISK DECEMBER 2019)
In July 2019, the United States (US) entered into three separate “Asylum-Cooperative Agreements” with Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. The three countries have ratified the agreements but so far only Guatemala has received asylum seekers turned away by the US. According to the agreement, any asylum seeker who passes through Guatemala will be ineligible for asylum in the US unless they first applied for protection in Guatemala. Since November, when the policy was implemented, around 400 asylum seekers have been sent to Guatemala. Although Guatemala has one of the region’s largest economies it is one of the most socially unequal and dangerous countries. Asylum seekers deported to Guatemala face protection issues, inadequate shelter, and lack of access to healthcare.
Honduras and El Salvador agreed to serve as “safe third countries” but they are not yet ready to accept asylum seekers. The capacity of these countries to manage an increased number of asylum cases is very low and some measures are already being challenged in the US courts. ?
Read the full ACAPS End of Year Report 2019
IMPACT OF COVID-19
The COVID-19 crisis is having a severe impact on food security, particularly in Central America. Basic grains had maintained low and stable prices thanks to the recent harvest season, but the COVID-19 emergency has led to massive purchases and higher prices. The World Food Programme (WFP) estimates that the number of people experiencing severe food insecurity in Latin America and the Caribbean could quadruple from the current 3,4 million to 13,7 million in 2020.? It is estimated that in the Dry Corridor around 4,4 million people acutely food-insecure are at greater risk.?A survey by the Honduran government revealed that over 90% of households surveyed do not have reserves to last more than a month; around 3.2 million people need food support. ?
As of 28 July, there are 40,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Honduras. The pandemic is putting a strain on the country's health system, with hospital occupancy rates ranging between 94% to 145%. There is a general lack of medical staff, health supplies, and medicines, and about 40% of medical staff have tested positive to COVID-19. The national health system requires support to guarantee other regular health services, especially in the areas of newborn and maternal health. ?