Short notes

Haiti: Hurricane Matthew, 5 October 2016, 0930 GMT
Created: 05/10/2016 +

Overview

Hurricane Matthew, a Category 4 Hurricane, struck the southwest coast of Haiti 0700 local time (1200 GMT) on 4 October. Wind speeds of 230km/h were recorded, and caused widespread damage, flooding and displacement. It continued across the northwest of the country.? The government has issued a Red Alert and officially requested UN assistance.?

Over 1.24 million people are affected in the departments of Grand Anse (468,000 people) and Sud (775,000), including 522,000 chldren.? 350,000 are presently estimated to be in need of assistance.?

ACAPS will produce a Briefing Note in the coming hours.

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Briefing notes

Haiti: Hurricane Matthew, Update 4
Created: 14/10/2016 +

Overview

Key updates since 12 October:

  • Trust between people in need and aid workers has been hampered by several security incidents. Blockades and attacks on aid workers are reported in Jérémie, Les Cayes, Carrefour Charles, Chambellon, and Torbeck as people try to access aid. Road access has improved throughout Grand’Anse and Sud.
  • 510 cases of cholera now reported throughout Haiti; 60,000 are in need of emergency health services.
  • The damage to schools and numbers of affected children reported so far refer only to public schools, which comprise only 20% of schools in Haiti, meaning figures are likely much higher.

Haiti: Hurricane Matthew Update 3
Created: 12/10/2016 +

Overview
  • According to the latest government figures, 1,410,900 people, including 592,600 children, are in need of humanitarian aid, of which 750,000, including 315,000, are severely in need. So far, at least 1,000 people have been reported dead. More than 200,000 houses have been severely damaged or destroyed.
  • At least 175,500 have been evacuated or displaced and housed in 224 temporary shelters. However, this figure does not include displaced people living in host families or informal settlements. The overall scale of displacement is therefore underestimated.
  • At least 356 new cholera cases have already been reported. There is a very high risk of a significant increase in cholera as a result of damage to weak WASH infrastructure. High food shortages and extensive damages to plantations have been reported across the affected areas.
  • Road access is improving in coastal areas but interior mountainous areas have still not be reached. Growing insecurity are of concern and likely to impact response.

Haiti: Ouragan Matthew
Created: 12/10/2016 +

Overview

Au moins 20% du territoire d’Haïti a été touché par l’ouragan Matthew. Un grand nombre de glissements de terrain et d’inondations ont été rapportés dans toutes les régions côtières, de même qu’à l’intérieur des départements touchés. Les départements les plus touchés sont: Sud, Grand’Anse et Nippes. Au total, 2 128 700 personnes, soit 12 % de la population d’Haïti, ont été touchées, dont 894 100 enfants.

Haiti: Hurricane Matthew, Update 2
Created: 10/10/2016 +

Overview
  • According to the latest government figures, 1.4 million people are in need of humanitarian aid, including 750,000 targeted to address serious needs.
  • At least 61,537 have been evacuated or displaced and are housed in 192 temporary shelters.
  • So far, at least 1,000 people have been reported dead but the death toll is still expected to rise as the worst-affected areas are accessed.
  • New cholera cases have already been reported, and enormous water infrastructure damage. Preliminary assessment indicates food shortages in worst-affected areas of Sud and Grand'Anse departments.
  • Flooding, landslides, and debris have cut road access throughout affected areas, although a temporary bridge has replaced the collapsed La Digue bridge, enabling vehicle access to southern departments.

Haiti: Hurricane Matthew - Update
Created: 07/10/2016 +

Overview
  • At least 25% of Haiti’s territory has been impacted by Hurricane Matthew: Sud, Sud-Est, Grande'Anse, Nippes, Nord-Ouest, and Ouest departments are the most affected.
  • So far, 300 people have been reported dead, and 350,000 people are estimated to be in need of assistance. At least 15,623 people have been displaced and over 21,000 have been evacuated. 
  • Some populations in the south are still inaccessible; a greater humanitarian response will likely be necessary to prevent dire long-term consequences, especially given the ongoing cholera epidemic.

Haiti: Hurricane Matthew
Created: 05/10/2016 +

Overview

Category 4 Hurricane Matthew struck the southwest coast of Haiti at 0700 local time (1200 GMT) on 4 October. Wind speeds of 230km/h were recorded, and caused widespread damage, flooding, and displacement. It continued across the northwest of the country. 

350,000 people require humanitarian assistance, and 14,530 have been displaced. Reported death toll is currently six.

Sud, Sud-Est, Grande'Anse, Nippes, Nord-Ouest, and Ouest departments are the most affected.

It is expected that flooding will exacerbate pre-existing epidemics such as cholera, dengue fever, and Zika.

Thematic reports

Haiti: Protection
Created: 26/10/2016 +

Overview

This report focuses on protection-related issues in the aftermath of Hurricane Matthew. Selected key findings:

  • Some aid is reportedly being distributed according to political support, creating discontent and distrust.
  • Sexual and gender-based violence is a major concern, particularly in shelters, where cases of rape have already been reported.
  • The government has announced a plan to close all remaining temporary shelters, but no strategy is in place to assist those who have lost their homes. Forced relocations and evictions of IDPs have occurred in Haiti in the past.

Haiti: Department Profile, Grande'Anse
Created: 21/10/2016 +

Overview

This thematic report is the second in a series of profiles on the worst affected departments in Haiti following Hurricane Matthew. It compiles and analyses existing pre-crisis data at the departmental level across a range of sectors and is intended to serve as a reference point for understanding the current humanitarian crisis.

Haiti: Department Profile, Nippes
Created: 21/10/2016 +

Overview

This thematic report is the third in a series of profiles on the worst affected departments in Haiti following Hurricane Matthew. It compiles and analyses existing pre-crisis data at the departmental level across a range of sectors and is intended to serve as a reference point for understanding the current humanitarian crisis.

 

Haiti: Department Profile, Sud
Created: 20/10/2016 +

Overview

This thematic report is the first in a series of profiles on the worst affected departments in Haiti following Hurricane Matthew. It compiles and analyses existing pre-crisis data at the departmental level across a range of sectors and is intended to serve as a reference point for understanding the current humanitarian crisis.

Hazard profile: Sud is prone to natural disaster and has limited disaster risk reduction mechanisms. Exposure and vulnerability to hurricanes, floods, droughts, earthquakes are elevated compared even to the rest of Haiti.

Societies and communities: 775,000 people live in 18 communes. Settlements are concentrated on the coast, while population density is lower in the mountainous interior.

Economy: Over half the population lives in the bottom two quintiles of socio-economic well-being. Key economic activities include agriculture, fishing and animal husbandry.

Haiti: Market Environment Analysis
Created: 13/10/2016 +

Overview
  • The hurricane had a major negative impact on livelihoods, infrastructure and roads. Widespread damage to subsistence production increases the reliance of households on markets for basic needs. At the same time, essential movement of money and goods has been severely constrained, with some departments cut off from the capital, resulting in localised shortages of basic items and price increases.
  • Households in Haiti were struggling to recover from several years of drought and the consequences of the 2010 earthquake. High levels of inflation, limited government support, and continued erosion of livelihood opportunities are some of the main challenges. 
  • Markets in Haiti have shown to bounce back relatively quickly after sudden-onset events. Market-based responses, including cash-based programming, which also helps restore market functionality, have proven to be a feasible option to consider over in-kind assistance.  However, there is currently insufficient information available in the public domain to inform decisions on the most appropriate interventions beyond the immediate response phase. Rapid remote assessments on the functionality of markets, availability of goods and price data (food and non-food items) is required.

 

Lessons Learned for Hurricane Matthew Response in Haiti
Created: 10/10/2016 +

Overview

These lessons learned are a result of the analysis of main findings and lessons from the impact and response to past hurricanes in Haiti and hurricanes that impacted in locations with similar characteristics and features of Haiti. They cover Haiti's vulnerability to disaster, assessment methods, communciations and coordination, health, shelter, WASH, and cash response.

The aim is to improve the performance of humanitarian actors in the response of the Hurricane Matthew, assist agencies working in the response, and encourage positive action by decision makers.