Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Haiti Earthquake: Department Profiles
A 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck southwestern Haiti on 14 August at 8:30 am local time. The earthquake occurred 13km southeast of Petit-Trou-de-Nippes, in the department of Nippes, about 125km west of the capital Port-au-Prince. It occurred at a depth of 10km and was followed by a number of aftershocks – the strongest was 5.2 magnitude.?
At least 60,000 people were affected, around 1,300 have died, and over 5,000 were injured as at 16 August. The death toll is expected to rise as the search for victims trapped under rubble continues. The Government has declared a state of emergency for a month in the most affected departments.?
The most affected areas are in the departments of Sud, Nippes, and Grandv’Anse. Jérémie (Grand’Anse department) and Les Cayes (Sud department) arrondissements recorded the most infrastructure damage.?
Around 7,370 houses were destroyed and 4,850 damaged in Sud, Nippes, and Grand’Anse departments, leaving thousands of people homeless.? Severe damage to public buildings, including hospitals and schools, was reported. Hospitals that are still functional are overwhelmed and likely to lack medicine and equipment to treat all wounded patients.?
While very little information on needs is available, health (including immediate medical care), WASH, shelter, logistics, food, and mental health support are likely to be key priorities.
As a consequence of the 14 August 2021 earthquake in southern Haiti, around 980,000 people in Sud, Grand'Anse, and Nippes (45% of the population of these departments) are at risk of food insecurity between September 2021 and February 2022. The earthquake resulted in crop failures and destroyed food production infrastructure. These effects of the earthquake, compounded by high inflation rates, insecurity due to gang violence, and the impact of Tropical Storm Grace (16-17 August), have affected the livelihoods of the local population. The number of people at risk of food insecurity has increased by nearly 60,000 compared to the March-June 2021 period. Food assistance is urgently needed to ensure access to food in the short term. It is estimated that, at least until 2022, it will be necessary to support the agricultural sector with seeds and productive assets to ensure food availability.?
More detailed information about the earthquake in Haiti can be found in this briefing note.
Haiti has high humanitarian constraints. Access has been deteriorating because of the escalating insecurity since the beginning of 2021, both for people in need and for humanitarian organisations. The southern peninsula, including areas affected by the earthquake, is a hotspot for gang-related violence and had been very difficult to reach already two months prior to the earthquake because of increasing violence and insecurity.?
Damage to telecommunication networks delays the transmission of information for humanitarian organisations.