Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 3,673,000 People in Need [?]
Haiti: Complex crisis
Haiti is regularly affected by natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. At least 2.6 million people Haiti are in need of humanitarian assistance as of January 2019, out of which almost 50% are children. Food insecurity persists in Haiti, and is driven by the combined effects of natural hazards and poor socioeconomic conditions. ?
INFORM measures Haiti's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high at 6.5/10. Lack of Coping Capacity is of particular concern, at 7.4/10.?
Haiti has six confirmed cases of COVID-19 as of 23 March; the first two cases were reported on 18 March. The government has declared a state of emergency: airports, ports, and the border with Dominican Republic (excepting passage of goods) are closed. Distributions of essentials and payment to those left unemployed in the industrial sector are in the pipeline. There is a COVID-19 Preparedness and Response plan for Haiti. The country recently confronted a nine-year long cholera epidemic with its last case recorded in February 2019.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Find more information related to the outbreak.
10/02/2020: Haiti records one year since the last confirmed cholera case, whereas suspected cases are reported. The cholera outbreak started in 2010 and killed almost 9,800 people. The humanitarian response is now focusing on prevention. If the confirmed cases count remains zero for two more years, the country will be declared cholera free. Haiti remains at risk of outbreaks due to poor WASH and health services.?
05/12/2019: For more information on the humanitarian impact of ongoing protests, please see the relevant paragraph below.
Food: Poor households who have suffered from crop losses throughout 2018 are likely to engage in negative coping strategies to meet their food needs as they face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes until around September 2019. ?
President Jovenel Moise has encountered repeated periods of civil unrest throughout his presidency, which officially began in February 2017. In November 2016, immediately following the presidential elections that put Moise in power, demonstrations rejecting the results of the low-turnout election ensued, primarily in the capital. Several people were arrested. In September, October, and November 2017, protests erupted against Moise’s administration and the proposed rise in taxes, eventually leading to calls for the President’s resignation. Protests began again in early July 2018 when hikes in fuel prices were introduced; 20 people lost their lives. Sporadic episodes of unrest continued throughout August 2018 and progressed until December, amidst allegations of corruption committed by Moise.
Protests have persisted throughout 2019, as Haitians have repeatedly taken to the street to demonstrate their discontent with stark inequalities, ongoing financial crisis, lack of adequate social services, questions around human rights abuses, and the dissatisfaction with President Moise. The most recent bout of anti-government demonstrations - beginning in mid-September 2019 and still ongoing as of 4 December - have led to the deaths of 42 people and injured more than 86. ?The protests pose significant challenges to the health sector, as patients and staff face difficulties in accessing medical facilities, and in many hospitals supplies are running out. Many schools were forced to remain closed due to security risk.? However, on 2 December, schools began to partially open after 2 months of protests. ? Fuel shortages, security incidences, and roadblocks are impeding the ability of humanitarian organisations to operate, leading to heightened needs. The negative impacts of the volatile situation are expected continue, as Moise has reiterated his unwillingness to step down, as demanded by protestors.?