• Crisis Severity ?
    3.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    2.4
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.0
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.4
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    2.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 3,673,000 People in Need [?]

Overview

30/10/2019

Haiti is regularly affected by natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. At least 2.6 million people Haiti are in need of humanitarian assistance as of January 2019, out of which almost 50% are children. Food insecurity persists in Haiti, and is driven by the combined effects of natural hazards and poor socioeconomic conditions. ?

INFORM measures Haiti's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high at 6.5/10. Lack of Coping Capacity is of particular concern, at 7.4/10.?

Latest Developments

15/11/2019

No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

For more information on the humanitarian impact of ongoing protests, please see the relevant paragraph below.

Risk

A worsening economic and political crisis leads to long term protests, causing protracted disruption of aid delivery and rising poverty levels Latest update: 03/12/2019

Probability

Highly unlikely Somewhat likely Highly likely

Impact

Very low Moderate Major

Key Priorities

02/07/2019

Food:  Poor households who have suffered from crop losses throughout 2018 are likely to engage in negative coping strategies to meet their food needs as they face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes until around September 2019. ?

Protests

05/12/2019

President Jovenel Moise has encountered repeated periods of civil unrest throughout his presidency, which officially began in February 2017. In November 2016, immediately following the presidential elections that put Moise in power, demonstrations rejecting the results of the low-turnout election ensued, primarily in the capital. Several people were arrested. In September, October, and November 2017, protests erupted against Moise’s administration and the proposed rise in taxes, eventually leading to calls for the President’s resignation. Protests began again in early July 2018 when hikes in fuel prices were introduced; 20 people lost their lives. Sporadic episodes of unrest continued throughout August 2018 and progressed until December, amidst allegations of corruption committed by Moise.

Protests have persisted throughout 2019, as Haitians have repeatedly taken to the street to demonstrate their discontent with stark inequalities, ongoing financial crisis, lack of adequate social services, questions around human rights abuses, and the dissatisfaction with President Moise. The most recent bout of anti-government demonstrations - beginning in mid-September 2019 and still ongoing as of 4 December - have led to the deaths of 42 people and injured more than 86. ?The protests pose significant challenges to the health sector, as patients and staff face difficulties in accessing medical facilities, and in many hospitals supplies are running out. Many schools were forced to remain closed due to security risk.? However, on 2 December, schools began to partially open after 2 months of protests. ? Fuel shortages, security incidences, and roadblocks are impeding the ability of humanitarian organisations to operate, leading to heightened needs. The negative impacts of the volatile situation are expected continue, as Moise has reiterated his unwillingness to step down, as demanded by protestors.?