• Crisis Severity ?
    3.4
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    2.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,476 Fatalities reported [?]
  • 3,060,000 People in Need [?]
  • 2,492,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]
  • 568,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

22/05/2019

Guatemala is situated between El Salvador, Honduras and Mexico, and forms part of the Dry Corridor of Central America. It has one of the region’s largest economies but is also one of the most socially unequal and most dangerous countries. ? Guatemala is experiencing prolonged seasonal dryness in eastern and western regions, causing crop losses of basic grains (e.g. corn and beans) and resulting in people adopting negative coping strategies such as changing their diets, reducing quantity and quality of their food and quickly depleting their incomes on market purchases to fill gaps, particularly  in the western areas, leading to increased Crisis (IPC 3) food security outcomes. An estimated 6.5 million people, equivalent to 38% of the total population, will face Crisis and Emergency (IPC 4) food security outcomes over 2018-2023.?

Violence in Guatemala, and other countries of Central America, creates significant protection issues, especially for women, and poses a major constraint for humanitarian access. In October and November 2018, an estimated 7,000-10,000 migrants left Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala to form two large caravans and additional smaller groups travelling towards the United States border. The migrants aimed to escape violence and persecution, improve their economic situation, or reunite with their families. ?

The government, with the support of several INGOs, continues to respond to the impact of Fuego Volcano’s eruptions in June and November 2018.

INFORM measures Guatemala's risk of a humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as High at 5.5/10. ?

Latest Developments

29/08/2019

29/08: Within the last week, heavy rains have caused flooding and landslide events across 9 departments of Guatemala. The National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (CONRED) estimates that over 60,000 people have been affected, including 62 who have been evacuated. Further damages to roads, bridges, and homes have been recorded. Simultaneously, Guatemala is experiencing an outbreak of Dengue, which could be intensified by the increase in standing water from the floods. As of August 13, over 12,000 cases of Dengue were confirmed across Guatemala, including within the 9 departments most heavily affected by the flooding: Alta Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Guatemala, Sacatepéquez, San Marcos, Santa Rosa, Sololá, Suchitepéquez and Zacapa. Within the last 24 hours CONRED has placed 12 out of 22 departments on alert due to ongoing rain, including Guatemala which has a population of over 3.4 million. Since the beginning of the rainy season in May, more than 365,000 people have been affected by flooding across the country including over 2,200 evacuees. The rainy season typically lasts until November, which could result in further flooding and damages. ?

31/07: On 31 July, the Ministry of Health of Guatemala declared a red epidemiological alert over the spread of dengue in the country, with some 8,300 cases reported as of 29 July, nearly the double comparing to 2017. Most cases are in the departments of Escuintla, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Quetzaltenango and San Marcos. The Government has stated the the health infrastructure currently has adequate response capacity. ?

Info Gaps

22/05/2019
  • Lack of official figure on number of internally displaced people