Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.30 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 160,000 People displaced [?]
Greece: Fires and COVID-19 caused displacement in Lesvos
Over 1.2 million refugees and migrants have arrived to Greece through land and sea borders since 2014, both for transit and long-term stay ?. Almost 900,000 people arrived in 2015 alone, mainly crossing from the Turkish coast to the Greek Aegean islands ?.
New arrivals significantly decreased in 2020–2021 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. About 8,370 and 15,690 people arrived in Greece by land and sea via the Eastern Mediterranean route in 2021 and 2020 respectively, down from over 74,600 people in 2019. During the same period, the most common countries of origin were Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Somalia ?. There are approximately 164,000 asylum seekers and refugees in Greece ?.
Reception centres are overstretched, facilities are overpopulated, and conditions are dire, with many refugees living in unsuitable shelters. COVID-19 has placed an additional burden on reception centres and host communities. Despite a large-scale improvement in living conditions, gaps remain in water, sanitation, hygiene, and health services. Women and girls face difficulties in safely accessing services ?.
No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Number of arrivals in Greece by sea and land between 2014 and 2022
Source : UNHCR 27/11/2022 - ttps://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/mediterranean/location/5179
Education: 86% of more than 10,000 school-aged asylum seekers were not attending school in the camps on the mainland and on the Aegean islands of Greece in early 2021. Lack of transportation, shortage of teachers, discriminatory practices, and lack of internet connectivity are limiting asylum seekers’ access to education ?.
20 civil society organisations have lost access to refugee reception facilities or have been facing increasing access concerns since new legislation on NGO registration was passed in September 2020. NGOs involved in the migrant response face problems in providing essential services and reporting on the conditions in the facilities, halting assistance, and the excessive use of administrative detention. ?