Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Greece: Fires and COVID-19 caused displacement in Lesvos
Since 2014 Greece has been an important country of first arrival and transit for refugees and migrants. In 2015, arrivals by land and sea reached its peak with almost 900,000 people, mainly crossing from the Turkish coast to the Greek Aegean islands. ?
The combined effect of the 2016 EU-Turkey deal and the closure of borders in Eastern European countries caused a significant decrease in arrivals. However, a sharp increase in arrivals was recorded in 2019. As of 30 September 2020, Greece counts 120,000 migrants and refugees – 105,500 in the mainland and 19,500 on the islands.?Reception centres on the islands are overcrowded with and conditions are dire with many refugees living in unsuitable tents or makeshift shelters. Medical assistance and WASH facilities are lacking. Women and girls face difficulties in safely accessing services.
In 2019, Greece’s conservative government has announced a series of measures to address the critical situation on the Greek islands including the replacement of the open-air camps by closed installations hosting no more than 5,000 people. It has also passed a new asylum legislation aimed at containing the rising number of asylum seekers. Additionally, NGOs will have to meet new requirements to continue their operations in Greece. The planned reforms have been strongly condemned by aid organisations. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.