Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 290,000 People exposed [?]
Since 2014 Greece has been an important country of first arrival and transit for refugees from the Middle East. In 2015 alone, almost one million people crossed from the Turkish coast to the Greek Aegean islands to seek international protection in Europe. ?
The combined effect of the 2016 EU-Turkey deal and the closure of the borders in Eastern European countries has caused a significant decrease in arrivals. Still, at least 50,000 people arrived in Greece in 2018, either by sea or by land. Of those, more than 70% were from three countries: Afghanistan (40%), Syria (24.4%), and Iraq (18%).?
By April 2019, an estimated 54,600 refugees and migrants were still in Greece; of those, 13,600 were living on the islands, and 41,100 on the mainland. ?Reception centres on some of the islands remain overcrowded, with many refugees living in unsuitable tents or makeshift shelters. At the end of December 2018, the migrant population in Samos was five times over the centre’s capacity. As of April 2019, some 7,097 people had newly arrived in Greece in 2019. ?
03/06: No significant recent humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.