• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 177,000 People displaced [?]

Special Reports




Since 2014 Greece has been an important country of first arrival and transit for refugees and migrants. In 2015, arrivals by land and sea reached its peak with almost 900,000 people, mainly crossing from the Turkish coast to the Greek Aegean islands. ?

The combined effect of the 2016 EU-Turkey deal and the closure of borders in Eastern European countries caused a significant decrease in arrivals. However, a sharp increase in arrivals was recorded in 2019. As of 30 September 2020, Greece counts 120,000 migrants and refugees – 105,500 in the mainland and 19,500 on the islands.?Reception centres on the islands are overcrowded with and conditions are dire with many refugees living in unsuitable tents or makeshift shelters. Medical assistance and WASH facilities are lacking. Women and girls face difficulties in safely accessing services.

In 2019, Greece’s conservative government has announced a series of measures to address the critical situation on the Greek islands including the replacement of the open-air camps by closed installations hosting no more than 5,000 people. It has also passed a new asylum legislation aimed at containing the rising number of asylum seekers. Additionally, NGOs will have to meet new requirements to continue their operations in Greece. The planned reforms have been strongly condemned by aid organisations. ?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.