Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.0 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 74 Fatalities reported [?]
Since 2014, the Eastern Mediterranean migration route has been an important pathway for refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants crossing to Europe from the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. Migration along the eastern Mediterranean route peaked in 2015 when more than 850,000 people arrived in Greece after passing through Turkey.?Though new arrivals have decreased in recent years, they still remain significant. Between January and December 2019, approximately 67,000 people arrived in Greece by land and sea via the Eastern Mediterranean route. During the same period, the most common countries of origin were Afghanistan, Syria and the Democratic Republic of Congo.?
Humanitarian needs remain elevated among refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers along the Eastern Mediterranean migration route. Many people end up spending prolonged periods in overcrowded camps and displacement centers in Greece and Turkey, and are otherwise unable to continue their onward journey to other destinations in Europe. ?In Turkey, host community attitudes have been hardening towards refugees, migrants, and asylum-seekers, and discrimination has reportedly increased in recent years. ?
An estimated 10,000 to 15,000 people are at the border areas between Greece and Turkey as of 5 March, even though the exact numbers cannot be verified. Humanitarian actors report that people trapped at the border need shelter, food, and water. This is a result of the movement of thousands of asylum seekers and migrants towards Turkey’s Edirne province and towards Greek East Aegean islands via sea route, hoping to cross into Greece, after Turkey announced on 28 February the ease of controls at its north-west borders with Greece and Bulgaria. The Greek government announced on 1 March the suspension of all asylum applications for a month and said all arrivals will be arrested and forced to return. Tensions have escalated at the border crossings and in the islands. Clashes occurred between migrants and Greek authorities as well as local residents including attacks against aid workers.?
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Monthly arrivals in Greece 2018-2020 (by sea and land)
Source : UNHCR - https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/mediterranean/location/5179