Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.0 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 34 Fatalities reported [?]
Since 2014, the Eastern Mediterranean migration route has been an important pathway for refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants crossing to Europe from the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. Migration along the eastern Mediterranean route peaked in 2015 when more than 850,000 people arrived in Greece after passing through Turkey.?Though new arrivals have decreased in recent years, they still remain significant. In the first quarter of 2019, approximately 8,000 people arrived in Greece by land and sea via the Eastern Mediterranean route. During the same period, the most common countries of origin were Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria.?
Humanitarian needs remain elevated among refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers along the Eastern Mediterranean migration route. Many people end up spending prolonged periods in overcrowded camps and displacement centers in Greece and Turkey, and are otherwise unable to continue their onward journey to other destinations in Europe. ?In Turkey, host community attitudes have been hardening towards refugees, migrants, and asylum-seekers, and discrimination has reportedly increased in recent years. ?
02/10: Tensions are rising in Moria camp on the island of Lesvos. On 29 September, riots broke out after a fire in the camp killed a woman and her child. Residents reportedly started the fire to protests the inhumane living conditions in the camp and to demand a transfer to the mainland. Moria, designed for 3000 people, currently hosts between 12,000-13,000 people. An upsurge of refugee and migrants flows from Turkey since the start of the summer increased the burden on the camps of the islands. In September, more than 12,000 people arrived in Greece representing the highest number of arrivals in three years since the implementation of the EU-Turkey deal in March 2016. Following the riots, the government announced it wants to return 10,000 migrants to Turkey by the end of 2020 which would be an increase from the 1,805 returned since 2015. The change in policy indicates a more hard-line approach to the migrant situation by Greece’s recently elected conservative government.?