Briefing notes

Ethiopia: Fall Armyworms Infestation in Sidama Zone, SNNP
Created: 03/07/2017 +

Overview

The Fall Armyworms infestation worsened significantly in June in Ethiopia, with 145,000 hectares of land affected – compared to 53,000 hectares at the end of May. The infestation, which affected at least 16 other African countries and millions of people since late 2016, has spread to at least six states out of 11 in Ethiopia, and is likely to spread further. Three to four million hectares of maize crops are expected to be affected at this rate. The Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ State (SNNPS) is the most affected by livelihoods loss, with about 100,000 people (or 20,000 households) affected. 

Mixed migration: Horn of Africa to Europe
Created: 12/12/2016 +

Overview

More than 173,500 refugees and migrants have reached Italy so far in 2016, around 29,000 more than in the same period last year. While the vast majority still use Libya as the departure point to Europe, more are using Egypt and Algeria. The nationality of arrivals is evolving, with fewer Eritreans and more Egyptians.

Protection is a primary concern. The estimated number of deaths on the Central Mediterranean route has grown to over 4,200 people this year, compared to less than 2,900 at the same point in 2015. Many people die on the journey over land to north Africa, but this number is not known. Migrants and refugees also face detention, sexual exploitation, and forced labour. The number of unaccompanied minors arriving in Italy is growing.

Ethiopia Floods
Created: 13/05/2016 +

Overview

Since April 2016, heavy spring/belg rains have caused floods and landslides, resulting in 100 deaths as of 12 May. Up to 120,000 people have been displaced in six regions. The most affected regions are Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP), Afar, Amhara, and Harari – already severely affected by the El Niño drought.  

Ethiopia: Drought and Food Insecurity, March 2016
Created: 05/04/2016 +

Overview

Ethiopia isaffected by the worst drought for 50 years, with over 10.2 million people in need of food assistance as of March 2016, compared to 2.9 million in the beginning of 2015. In 2016, the number of people in need is expected to reach over 15 million. Most of the regions of Amhara, Oromia, and SNNPR are reported to be at least in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity. In the most affected areas, over 75% of meher cropping production has been lost, one million livestock have died, and over 1.7 million are reportedly at risk due to poor body conditions. Meher cropping represents 90% of the country’s total grain production, which accounts for 80% of Ethiopian agriculture. 

Ethiopia: Drought and Food Insecurity, January 2016
Created: 05/04/2016 +

Overview

Since June 2015, Ethiopia has been affected by the worst drought in the last 30–50 years, with over 10.2 million people in need of food assistance as of December 2015, compared to 2.9 million in the beginning of 2015. In 2016, the number of people in need is expected to reach over 15 million. Most of the regions of Amhara, Oromia, and SNNPR are reported to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity. In the most affected areas, over 75% of meher cropping production has been lost, one million livestock have died, and over 1.7 million are reportedly at risk due to bad body conditions. Meher cropping represents 90% of the country’s total grain production, which accounts for 80% of Ethiopian agriculture.

Ethiopia: Displacement in Gambella Region
Created: 05/04/2016 +

Overview

Since the start of the conflict in neighbouring South Sudan on 15 December 2013, more than 218,700 South Sudanese have crossed into Ethiopia’s Gambella region. So far in August, 3,448 new arrivals have been registered. In July, more than 7,200 South Sudanese arrived in Gambella, an increase from the 2,500 arrivals in June. Most people originate from Upper Nile and Jonglei states, and are fleeing food insecurity and generalised violence. Capacity of camps receiving refugees are overstretched. More than 13,000 new arrivals are awaiting transfer to a new camp that is being developed. More than 45,000 refugees are living in host communities. Conditions for those staying at entry points are worse than those staying in camps, as limited facilities are available. 

Ethiopia: Drought and Food Insecurity
Created: 04/04/2016 +

Overview

Ethiopia is affected by the worst drought for 50 years, with over 10.2 million people in need of food assistance as of March 2016, compared to 2.9 million in the beginning of 2015. In 2016, the number of people in need is expected to reach over 15 million. Most of the regions of Amhara, Oromia, and SNNPR are reported to be at least in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity. In the most affected areas, over 75% of meher cropping production has been lost, one million livestock have died, and over 1.7 million are reportedly at risk due to poor body conditions. Meher cropping represents 90% of the country’s total grain production, which accounts for 80% of Ethiopian agriculture. 

Thematic reports

Africa: Fall Armyworm Outbreaks
Created: 25/04/2017 +

Overview

Outbreaks of Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, have been reported in DRC, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, Namibia, Swaziland, Ghana and Kenya. Regionally, around 330,000 hectares of staple crops, especially maize, have been affected. The remaining southern African mainland countries remain at high risk. The severity of the impact on regional crop production is yet to be established. The damages caused by the infestation depend on the stage at which the pest attacked the plant. Crops that were infested during the early stages of crop development, in late December, had to be replanted, while those infested later in their growth seem to have recovered without intervention.

Update: The further spread of Fall Armyworm was observed in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe in March. Damage from existing outbreaks was also sustained in Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. While further outbreaks are expected only in northern Tanzania in the coming months, all countries are advised to continue monitoring diligently and to apply appropriate preventative measures. Although the Fall Armyworm season is expected to end in June, long-term impacts are expected for affected countries, and neighbouring countries should also remain diligent. 

Crisis Overview 2015: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2016
Created: 22/04/2016 +

Overview

The Crisis Overview 2015: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2016, outlines the countries considered to be in greatest humanitarian need as we approach the end of 2015.

Based on our weekly Global Emergency Overview (GEO), and three years of data on humanitarian needs across 150 countries, we have identified eleven countries where humanitarian needs are likely to be highest in 2016, as well as seven that merit attention, as they face a potential spike in needs. A final section considers the potential impact of the current El Niño event across a number of regions.