• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 99,300,000 Total population [?]
  • 769,000 People displaced [?]
  • 769,000 People in Need [?]



Ethiopia hosts 769,000 refugees and asylum seekers originating from South Sudan (44.8%), Somalia (26.1%), Eritrea (22.6%) and Sudan (5.5%). Internal conflict, human rights abuses, and food insecurity are the main drivers of refugee movements from neighbouring countries to Ethiopia. Since the mid-1990s, Ethiopia has welcomed Eritrean, Sudanese, and Somalian refugees, with more recent arrivals from South Sudan. In 2018 there was a significant influx in the number of Eritrean refugees after a signed peace deal ended a two-decade state-of-war between Ethiopia and Eritrea. The border was opened for the first time in 20 years.?

Most refugees live in camp settings in the Tigray region, Afar, Benishangul-Gumuz, Gambella, and Somali regions. In early March the Ethiopian authorities announced they would close the Hitsats refugee camp (Tigray region), hosting over 26,000 Eritrean refugees. The timeline remains unclear, as well as viable alternatives for relocation.?

In 2019, Ethiopia revised its national refugee law, providing refugees with greater access to employment, social, and financial services as well as the opportunity to live outside of camp settings. However, refugees continue to face difficult living conditions as many of these regions have a harsh climate and are among the least developed areas of the country.?

Key Priorities


Health: Over 3,500 cases of choldera have been identified as of February 2020 in the SNNPR, Somali and Oromia regions as well as on the border of Benishangukl-Gumuz. Refugee camps are particularly vulnerable to outbreaks. ?

Food : Refugees in Ethiopia receive only 84% of the minimum standard of 2,100 kcal needed daily.?

Protection: Particularly concerning is the arrival of a high number of unaccompanied and separated children. In Tigray region, children accounted for 44% of the total refugee population, of which 27% were unaccompanied or separated.?