• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 103,700,000 Total population [?]
  • 817,000 People displaced [?]
  • 817,000 People in Need [?]



Ethiopia hosts 817,000 refugees and asylum seekers originating from South Sudan (47%), Somalia (27%), Eritrea (20%) and Sudan (6%). Internal conflict, human rights abuses, and food insecurity are the main drivers of refugee movements from neighbouring countries to Ethiopia. Since the mid-1990s, Ethiopia has welcomed Eritrean, Sudanese, and Somalian refugees, with more recent arrivals from South Sudan. In 2018 there was a significant influx in the number of Eritrean refugees after a signed peace deal ended a two-decade state-of-war between Ethiopia and Eritrea. The border was opened for the first time in 20 years. ?

Most refugees live in camp settings in the Gambella, Somali, Tigray, Benishangul-Gumuz, and Afar regions. Hitsats and Shimelba camps in Tigray were destroyed in the current conflict. Nearly 8,100 of the 20,000 refugees living in these settlements prior to the crisis have relocated to Mai-Aini and Adi-Harush camps in Tigray. Some 96,000 Eritrean refugees reside in Tigray; many of these refugees are likely to have been displaced within the region as a result of the conflict. ?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities


Food: Refugees in Ethiopia were receiving only 84% of the minimum standard food ration of 2,100 kcal per person needed daily as at May 2021, keeping the Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate in most refugee camps higher than the acceptable standards.?

Protection: Some 60% of refugees in Ethiopia are children, of whom nearly 41,000 are unaccompanied or separated, further increasing their vulnerability. ?

Shelter: Only 46% of the camp-based refugee households were living in adequate shelters in May 2021. Access to appropriate housing conditions remains below the standard in all refugee camps across Ethiopia. ?