• Crisis Severity ?
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    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
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    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



An estimated 8 million people in Oromia, Somali, and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' (SNNP), and South West regions are affected by drought and require food assistance following three consecutive below-average rainy seasons and high temperatures. Floods and conflicts have also contributed to making people less resilient to the impact of drought. Oromia and Somali regions are the most affected. Around 3.4 million people in Oromia and 3.5 million people in Somali need humanitarian assistance. In southern Ethiopia, around 175,000 people have been displaced because of drought. Households, along with their livestock, move to areas where they can look for better livelihood opportunities and water sources.?

High prices are also contributing to the worsening food insecurity levels in the affected regions. The increase in prices of food, fuel, and water affects the purchasing power of vulnerable households. In December, inflation rates reached the highest levels in a decade with 35%. The increase in food prices rose from 29% in November to nearly 42% in December. The prices of staple cereal have risen three to fivefold above the usual prices. ?

High levels of food insecurity and needs for humanitarian assistance are likely to continue in 2022. The lean season between February–April and the forecasted fourth below-average rainy season between March–June will likely drive more humanitarian needs. ?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.



Food and nutrition: About 8 million people require food assistance in the drought-affected regions. Malnutrition rates have increased in 2021. Food security in SNNP region contributed to an increase in hospital admissions for severe acute malnutrition by 32% in 2021 compared to 2020.?

WASH: Needs for drinking water and water for agricultural and livestock activities are high in the affected areas. Around 2.2 million people across seven zones in Oromia are affected by lack of water, especially in East Bale zone, where 150,000 people need emergency water trucking. ?

Livelihood: An estimated four million people have been affected by the impact of drought on their livelihood. More than 250,000 livestock deaths were recorded in Afder, Borena, Dawa, and Liben zones. Massive livestock deaths in addition to the depletion of livestock products were reported in other zones in southern and southeastern Ethiopia.?

Education: Displacement in search of better livelihood opportunities affects children’s access to education. In 2021 in Borena zone, Oromia, an estimated 11% of students dropped out of school by the end of the year. In Somali, more than 25,000 students are affected by school closures caused by drought. ?


  • the number of people affected by drought and requiring humanitarian assistance in Afar and SNNP region
  • the recorded deaths caused by drought
  • recent figures for people displaced as a result of drought.