Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Drought is affecting more than 16 million people in Oromia, SNNP, Somali, and South West regions. An estimated 9.9 million people require food assistance following four consecutive below-average rainy seasons and high temperatures. Flooding and conflict have also contributed to making people less resilient to the impact of drought. Oromia and Somali regions are the most affected regions. Around 3.4 million people in Oromia and 3.5 million people in Somali need humanitarian assistance. As at June 2022, more than 369,000 people in Oromia, Somali, and SNNP regions had been displaced in search of water, pasture, and humanitarian assistance.
The increase in the prices of food, fuel, and water affects the purchasing power of vulnerable households, contributing to the worsening food insecurity levels in the affected regions. Inflation still remains high in the country with August 2022 recording a high of 32.5%, a one percent decrease from the previous month, with fuel prices almost 90% higher than in August 2021. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Food: about 9.9 million people require food assistance in the drought-affected regions. A lack of humanitarian resources has meant that organisations have had to cut rations, resulting in incomplete food baskets. The situation is likely to have long-term consequences on food security.?
WASH: needs for drinking water and water for agricultural and livestock activities are high in the affected areas. Around 5.7 million people in Oromia and 4.3 million people in Somali region need water assistance, while more than 1.9 million people need urgent water tankers in the Afar, Oromia, Somali and SNNP regions.?
Livelihood: the impact of drought on their livelihood has affected an estimated four million people. More than 3.5 million livestock deaths have been recorded, with an estimated 25 million at risk as a result of acute malnutrition. Livestock sales have subsequently decreased.?
Education: displacement in search of better livelihood opportunities affects children’s access to education. School closures and the lack of access to water affect an estimated 1.4 million students in Somali and Oromia regions.?
There is limited information on:
- the number of people affected by drought and requiring humanitarian assistance in Afar
- the recorded deaths that resulted from drought
- recent figures on people displaced as a result of drought.