Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Outbreaks in East Africa: Desert Locusts and COVID-19
About 8.4 million people in Ethiopia need humanitarian assistance, due to internal conflict, international displacement, and recurrent natural hazards. As a secondary effect of the intercommunal violence in 2019, it is estimated that there is an IDP population of 2 million people primarily located in the Amhara, SNNP and Benishangul Gumuz woreda’s. Ethiopia also hosts more than 760,000 refugees from South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea. Most of them live in camp settings.?
Recurrent natural hazards, drought, and flooding result in humanitarian needs. Several consecutive years of drought in southern and southeastern Ethiopia have led to worsening food security and disrupted the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers and herders. Nationally, 8.5 million people require emergency food assistance in June 2020. The states with IPC 3 or higher are Afar, Oromiya, Somali and Tigray.?
INFORM measures Ethiopia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 6.9/10. Meanwhile, the lack of coping capacity stands at 6.8/10 and vulnerability at 6.6/10.?
There are no significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Access conditions have remained relatively stable, except for localized deterioration due to increasing clashes in the Gambela region and in Oromia as a result of inter-ethnic violence. This led to some humanitarian programmes being temporarily suspend. Since May 2019, the Government of Ethiopia has promoted the return of all IDPs to their original residences. This has reportedly resulted in forced returns, secondary displacement and an inability for certain IDPs to access health care, education and legal services due to the lack of legal documents. Information gaps regarding the administrative and physical obstacles Ethiopians face to access aid, make the extent of these constraints unclear.?
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
The Horn of Africa is suffering from the worst desert locust infestation in decades. Since July 2019, the worst affected countries are Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania. As of February 2020, an estimated 140,000 hectares of crops have been infested in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia, and the situation is worsening.?
Widespread rainfall in late March allowed new swarms to mature and lay eggs, resulting in a second wave of locusts in June and July, which coincides with the start of harvest season. Projections indicate the second wave of locusts could be 20 times larger than previous bands. In Kenya, experts are warning that 100% of summer crops could be destroyed, and large swarms continue to move from Uganda into South Sudan. In Somalia, the infestation is the worst in 25 years as locust breeding continues in the northeast. In Ethiopia, the infestation has led to the loss of staple cereals, including sorghum and maize, reduced pastureland for cattle, and increased animal deaths due to unavailable fodder.?
The ability of desert locusts to form large swarms and consume vast quantities of crops pose severe risks to food security and livelihoods in the affected countries, where more than 20.2 million people already face IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or higher levels of food insecurity.?
WASH: Most WASH needs are in the affected populations of Afar, Amhara, Oromia and Somali regions. Within the climate and conflict affected population, 89% of IDPs do not have access to safe drinking water and 78% do not have access to working sanitation facilities.?
Food: Recent food insecurity in Ethiopia is the result of below average rainfall that affected crop production, desert locust upsurge which also threatens the wider region and a rise in food prices.?
Information Gaps and Needs
Security concerns have made certain regions (West Wellega, SNNP) inaccessible. This has substantially limited the amount and generalisability of the information.?