More than 2.6 million IDPs are in Ethiopia. 536,000 people were displaced as a result of natural hazards, and 2.1 million are conflict-affected IDPs.? Climate-induced and conflict-induced IDPs increased in 2017. In addition, intercommunal conflicts in 2018 resulted in new displacements across the country (see crisis timeline below).?
OROMIA AND SOMALI CONFLICTS
Clashes between Oromo and Somali ethnicities have left up to one million people displaced in the two regions since September 2017.?
Since July, ethnic conflict has displaced over 200,000 people to overcrowded camps in the Somali region, where resources are overstretched. The majority of IDPs came from the Oromia region. Humanitarian needs are reported, including health due to a measles outbreak in the camps in Somali region (for more information, see health/communication diseases section). ?
Somali region’s Liyu police and regional President Abdi Mohamoud Omer were accused of human rights violations, federal government forces tried to remove both. However, youth and Liyu police attacked civilians, destroyed property, and burned Ethiopian Orthodox churches in the regional capital Jijiga on 4–5 August.? The conflict quickly spread to Deghabur, Warder, Kabridahar, Gode and Babile areas. In Somali region, some 35,450 IDPs are hosted in Jijiga; in Oromia region, 55,000 IDPs are in Babile, 23,300 in Chinaksen, 24,000 in Gursum, and 280 in Harar; in Tigray region, 2,000 IDPs are in Mekelle town. ? IDPs are mostly sheltering on the grounds of churches and army barracks. In Jijiga, price inflation is reported on food, water, and other basic needs due to limited available shops and supplies. Fuel is also limited. On 15 August, IDPs from Jijiga had started returning home. Humanitarian needs are food, WASH, health and NFI.?
On 8 November, the Ethiopian police discovered a mass grave with 200 bodies at the border of Somali and Oromia regions. It is believed that the bodies are a result of the conflict between the regions. ?
Benishangul Gumuz conflict
Approximately 200,000 people have been displaced in Benishangul-Gumuz and Oromia regions following an attack on leaders of the Benishangul-Gumuz regional authority on 25 September. ?The attack caused at least 20 civilian deaths and several people were injured. ?The officials were returning home along the Ghimbi-Kamashi route near the regional boundary, after an interregional security meeting of Oromia and Benishangul-Gumuz representatives in the Benishangul capital, Assosa.?Sixty people have been killed in clashes since 25 September. Local sources suggest the number of deaths is likely to be much higher because clashes also occurred in rural areas where casualty figures may not yet have been reported. ? Urgent humanitarian needs are reported, including food, shelter and non-food assistance, and health. Ongoing assessments will probably confirm a higher number of displaced people. ?
WEST Guji and gedeo conflict
Intercommunal violence around Gedeo (SNNPR) and West Guji (Oromia) zones have displaced around 960,000 people since 13 April.? At least 75 people have died in seven localities.? By 9 October, around 456,000 IDPs had returned to their places of origin or moved to new IDP collective sites.?IDPs and returnees require humanitarian assistance. ?Priorities are shelter and NFI, food, health and WASH.?
Prior to the new displacement, this area was already one of the most densely populated parts of the country.? The causes behind the recent conflict are unknown, but land disputes and conflict on border demarcations have long existed.?
Since 15 September, repeated attacks by Oromo youths on non-Oromo people on the outskirts of Addis Ababa have led to the displacement of at least 13,000 people and resulted in more than 20 deaths.?
Around 400 people (including 181 children and 100 women) of the Tigrayan and Kimant ethnic groups have crossed to Sudan after an ethnic-based attack in Metema town since 6 November. Ethiopians are crossing to Sudan through Gallabat and Metemma border crossing points. At least four Kimant and Amhara ethnic members were killed in the violence in Metema and Shinfa towns. ?
The 2018 belg rainfall season (February-June) led to flooding along river basins in Oromia, Somali and SNNP regions, affecting 382,000 people. In Somali region, 172,000 were displaced.?