More than 2.6 million IDPs are recorded in Ethiopia. 536,000 were displaced as a result of natural hazards, and 2.1 million are conflict-affected IDPs.? Displacement increased significantly in 2017: 293 sites were opened before 2017 and 621 were opened that year. ?
Intercommunal conflict has displaced 141,410 people in Somali region since 4 August. After Somali region’s Liyu police and regional President Abdi Mohamoud Omer were accused of human rights violation, federal government forces tried to remove both. However, youth and Liyu police attacked non-ethnic Somalis, destroyed property and burned Ethiopian Orthodox churches in the regional capital Jijiga on 4–5 August.? The conflict quickly spread to Deghabur, Warder, Kabridahar, Gode and Babile areas. In Somali region, some 35,450 IDPs are hosted in Jigjiga; in Oromia region, 55,000 IDPs are in Babile, 23,300 in Chinaksen, 24,000 in Gursum, and 280 in Harar; in Tigray region, 2,000 IDPs are in Mekelle town - see map below. IDPs are mostly sheltering in the grounds of churches and army barracks. In Jigjiga, prices inflation is reported on food, water, and other basic needs due to limited available shops and supplies. Fuel is also limited. Between 4–13 August, shops, markets, and banks were closed. On 10 August, Ethiopian Airlines resumed its operation for the Addis-Jigjiga route. Flights had been cancelled since 4 August. On 15 August, IDPs from Jigjiga are reported to have started returning to home. Humanitarian needs are food, WASH, health and NFI.?
Clashes between Oromo and Somali ethnicities from September- December 2017 left up to one million people displaced in the two regions.? New displacements have been reported along the border separating the two regions since January.?
Since 15 September, repeated attacks by Oromo youths on non-Oromo people on the outskirts of Addis Ababa have led to the displacement of at least 13,000 people. ?
WEST Guji and gedeo conflict
Intercommunal violence around Gedeo (SNNPR) and West Guji (Oromia) zones have displaced around 960,000 people since 13 April. As of August, 791,000 people have been displaced across Gedeo Zone and about 166,000 individuals are being hosted across Guji Zone. The largest number of IDPs in collective sites were displaced to Gedeb, Dilla Town, Kochere (Gedeo) and Kerca (Guji). Gedeo is hosting 276,939 people in 134 collective sites and Guji is hosting 82,174 people in 43 collective sites.? At least 75 people have died, in seven localities.? The causes behind the recent conflict are unknown, but land disputes and conflict on border demarcations have long existed.?
Heavy rains since June have worsened the already vulnerable conditions for IDPs in the region (inadequate shelter and limited access to sanitation). ?The influx of IDPs in some areas has nearly doubled the population and resources are stretched beyond capacity. Prior to the new displacement, this area was already one of the most densely populated parts of the country.? Priorities are shelter and NFI, food, health, and WASH.?
drought, floods and cyclone
Three consecutive years of drought have led to displacement in many parts of the country. Flash floods due to above-average Belg rains (February–June) as well as Cyclone Sagar, which struck Ethiopia on 20 May, mainly affected people in Somali, Oromia, SNNPR and Afar regions. Somali region was the most affected.?
Heavy rains and possible flooding, including overflows of rivers and dams, are expected in August and September (Kiremt rainy season June-September) in parts of northern, northeastern, central, western, southwestern and eastern Ethiopia, as well as in areas along the Rift Valley. Some 2.5 million people are expected to be affected by the end of September, of whom more than 637,000 are likely to be displaced - see graph below. ?