Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Erratic rainfall, persistent drought and prolonged dry spells are intensifying the food security crisis in Eswatini. In 2019, 20% of the population (200,000) were facing severe acute food insecurity with 157,000 people in IPC level 3 and 47,000 in IPC level 4. As the country is yet to recover from the El Nino drought emergency, farmers refused to plant their fields due to fear of low yields and damaged crops resulting in even smaller quantity of available crops.?The worst hit areas were Lubombo, Hhohho and Shiselweni where about 40% of the rural population were in IPC levels 3 and 4, requiring urgent humanitarian assistance.?Food and livestock production have been negatively impacted. As a result of lack of rainfall and long-term droughts, crops are below average, disrupting the livelihoods activities of farmers who rely on agriculture. Eswatini has also major water access problems, and a large prevalence of contaminated water sources which will make the area vulnerable to the risk of water borne diseases.
Unemployment rates are projected at high levels with the majority of people living below poverty line.? A deterioration of climate conditions is projected in 2020 and around 233,000 people may become severely food insecure and at risk of famine.?The provision of maize and beans by the government is under the minimum requirements in terms of needs of the population and more households might fall into IPC level 4 in the coming peak period of the lean season.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.