Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.70 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.5.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
The Eritrean government significantly restricts humanitarian access and there is very little information on humanitarian needs. The country is governed by a one-party state; elections have not been held since 1993. Human rights violations including arbitrary detention, indefinite national/military service, and extrajudicial killings have been reported.?Following the signing of the “Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship” by the governments of Ethiopia and Eritrea in July 2018, border crossings between the two countries were re-opened in September 2018 for the first time in 20 years. However, the last open border crossing was closed in April 2019, with no official reason given.?
Eritrea is subject to harsh climatic conditions, including cyclical drought and flooding during rainy seasons. These events heighten the vulnerability of communities, making it difficult for families to fully recover from the effects of one emergency before another strikes. In recent years, the country’s climatic conditions have tested the coping capacities of the population, which is largely dependent (80%) on subsistence agriculture.?Domestic food production is estimated to meet only between 60-70% of the population’s needs.?
INFORM measures Eritrea's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.2/10.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
For more information on the desert locust outbreak in East Africa, please see the relevant paragraph below.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Eritrea remains one of the most difficult countries for humanitarian agencies to access. There is a very limited humanitarian presence; only a few agencies, including UNICEF, FAO, and UNHCR, are mandated to operate in the country. International funds allocated to humanitarian organisations are subject to administrative and bureaucratic barriers. There are significant information gaps regarding humanita - rian needs or response, and it is difficult to obtain reliable information on the access situation. Like most countries worldwide, the COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected the already limited access in Eritrea, with border closures and restrictions on food imports.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Protection: Torture, arbitrary arrests, denial of fair public trial, violence against women and girls, human trafficking, and criminalisation of same-sex sexual conduct have been reported.?
Food security: Eritrea is vulnerable to climatic conditions, including drought and limited water supply, substantially increasing the chances of food insecurity and loss of livelihoods. This is aggravated by mandatory national service meaning farmers are unable to regularly attend to their crops.?
Education: According to the latest report published in 2018, 340,000 children are out of school. For lower secondary school, the net enrolment rate is of 44%. The majority of these children are from nomadic or semi-nomadic communities meaning access is an issue. These communities are also extremely prone to natural disasters.?