Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.20 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Egypt is a destination country, with refugees arriving from across the Middle East and East Africa. There are around 249,000 registered refugees and asylum seekers from 58 different countries: more than half are from Syria (131,000), followed by Sudan (44,000), Eritrea (17,000), South Sudan (17,000), and Ethiopia (16,000).?
Newly arrived refugees and asylum seekers mix with an urban refugee population and are heavily reliant on humanitarian assistance. There are no refugee camps. Most Syrian refugees and asylum seekers live in overcrowded and poor neighbourhoods of cities in governorates such as Giza (37,000), Cairo (23,000), Alexandria (21,000), Qalyubia (18,000) and Sharqia (10,000).?They reside in areas where local communities already struggle with high unemployment rates and poor access to basic services such as healthcare and education. The situation is compounded by Egypt’s worst economic recession in decades and dramatic price hikes for food and utilities.?
INFORM measures Egypt's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.8/10.?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.
Information Gaps and Needs
- Data and information on specific sectoral needs of the Syrian refugees is limited, as they reside mostly in urban areas and mix with the host population.