• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 130,000 People displaced [?]
  • 60,000 Stressed humanitarian conditions - Level 2 [?]
  • 70,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]



Egypt is a destination country, with refugees arriving from across the Middle East and East Africa. There are around 249,000 registered refugees and asylum seekers from 58 different countries: more than half are from Syria (131,000), followed by Sudan (44,000), Eritrea (17,000), South Sudan (17,000), and Ethiopia (16,000).?

Newly arrived refugees and asylum seekers mix with an urban refugee population and are heavily reliant on humanitarian assistance. There are no refugee camps. Most Syrian refugees and asylum seekers live in overcrowded and poor neighbourhoods of cities in governorates such as Giza (37,000), Cairo (23,000), Alexandria (21,000), Qalyubia (18,000) and Sharqia (10,000).?They reside in areas where local communities already struggle with high unemployment rates and poor access to basic services such as healthcare and education. The situation is compounded by Egypt’s worst economic recession in decades and dramatic price hikes for food and utilities.?

INFORM measures Egypt's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.8/10.?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities


Health and education: Healthcare and education are needed by refugees in overcrowded and impoverished urban centres.?

Livelihoods: The issuing of residency permits to Syrian refugees and asylum-seekers in Egypt represents a challenge in accessing economic opportunities.?

Information Gaps and Needs

  • Data and information on specific sectoral needs of the Syrian refugees is limited, as they reside mostly in urban areas and mix with the host population.