Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 385,000 People displaced [?]
Since 2017, Ecuador has become both a transit and a destination country for Venezuelan migrants. Around 1.1 million Venezuelans entered Ecuador between May 2017 and July 2019.?As of August 2019, some 340,000 Venezuelans are residing in Ecuador, while the rest continued their journey towards other Latin American countries. ?
A survey carried out in September-October 2018 showed that half of the Venezuelan migrant population arriving in Ecuador lacked resources to satisfy basic needs, resulting in high levels of food insecurity. When temporary permits expire, it is challenging for Venezuelans in Ecuador to legalise their status, mainly due to bureaucratic requirements that are hard for Venezuelans to obtain. The lack of a legal permit of stay impedes access to basic services and the labour market, and creates increased protection concerns and risk of exploitation and abuse. ? The state of emergency declared by the Government in August 2018 continues in Carchi, Pichincha and El Oro provinces, contributing to an increased mobilisation of resources to respond to the influx of Venezuelans; however, needs of Venezuelans are increasing in the rest of the country as well. ?
INFORM measures Ecuador's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as medium at 4.2/10. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.
Entry requirements and legal status
On Monday 26 August, new visa requirements for Venezuelans crossing the border into Ecuador came into effect. This follows similar restrictions implemented by Chile and Peru earlier this year. New visa requirements include a criminal record certificate and a passport, within 5 years after its expiration. There are a number of visa options in which Venezuelans may apply, including a “Temporary Residence Visa for Humanitarian Reasons”.The number of Venezuelans crossing into Ecuador from Colombia increased after 25 July, with an average of 1,800 people crossing per day before 2 August. In the run up to the new visa requirements, this number was higher, with approximately 3,700 Venezuelans entering Ecuador per day between 3-25 August. While extra resources may assist the short term influx at the border, longer term impacts remain less clear. Most notable areas of concern may be with protection and access to basic services for those attempting to enter Ecuador without a visa.?