Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 221,000 People displaced [?]
Since 2017, Ecuador has become both a transit and a destination country for Venezuelan migrants. Around 1.1 million Venezuelans entered Ecuador between 1 January 2018 and 31 March 2019. ? As of March 2019, some 220,000 Venezuelans are residing in Ecuador, while the rest continued their journey towards other Latin American countries. ?
A survey carried out in September-October 2018 showed that half of the Venezuelan migrant population arriving in Ecuador lacked resources to satisfy basic needs, resulting in high levels of food insecurity. When temporary permits expire, it is challenging for Venezuelans in Ecuador to legalise their status, mainly due to bureaucratic requirements that are hard for Venezuelans to obtain. The lack of a legal permit of stay impedes access to basic services and the labour market, and creates increased protection concerns and risk of exploitation and abuse. ? The state of emergency declared by the Government in August 2018 continues in Carchi, Pichincha and El Oro provinces, contributing to an increased mobilisation of resources to respond to the influx of Venezuelans; however, needs of Venezuelans are increasing in the rest of the country as well. ?
NFORM measures Ecuador's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as medium at 4.2/10. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.