• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 34,677,000 People affected [?]
  • 4,934,000 People displaced [?]
  • 19,299,000 People in Need [?]



As of March 2020, around 4.9 million Venezuelans have fled the country, and with the deteriorating political and economic situation in Venezuela, there is no indication the outflow will slow down soon. UNHCR projects the overall number of Venezuelans fleeing their country to reach 5.5 million by the end of 2020. ?

Many Venezuelans in host countries are in urgent need of food, nutrition, health, and WASH assistance; needs vary depending on the country. Protection assistance is also crucial, including legal help with documentation in order to access healthcare and employment. A significant number of Venezuelans remain in an irregular situation (due to lack of documentation, long waiting periods, high application fees, etc.), leaving them without rights and access to services and vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. As the crisis inside Venezuela continues to deteriorate, host countries are increasingly struggling to respond to the influx of Venezuelans. The rising number of people entering neighbouring countries is putting a strain on basic services, especially in border areas. ? In order to respond to the influx, a Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) has been developed to support and complement national authorities in Latin America and the Caribbean. ?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Entry requirements and legal status of Venezuelans


ECUADOR: Visa requirements include a criminal record certificate and a passport, within 5 years after its expiration. There are a number of visa options in which Venezuelans may apply, including a “Temporary Residence Visa for Humanitarian Reasons”. Around 8,000 Venezuelans have crossed into Ecuador in January and February 2020. Most notable areas of concern are protection and access to basic services for those attempting to enter Ecuador without a visa.?

PERU: After 15 June 2019, Venezuelan nationals need a Humanitarian Visa and a passport to enter Peru. Access only with Venezuelan identification documents is no longer allowed. New arrivals are in an increasingly vulnerable situation and include growing numbers of children. Nutrition, protection and WASH are priority needs.?

COLOMBIA: Migration authorities have announced two new permits aimed to give legal status to Venezuelan migrants in the country. PEP visa will be granted to Venezuelan migrants who entered Colombia before 29 November 2019. PEPFF permit will be granted to Venezuelans that receive formal employment offers. It is estimated that more than 200,000 Venezuelans would benefit from this measures. ?

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: A two-week registration period for irregular migrants in Trinidad and Tobago ended on 14 June 2019. Several thousand Venezuelans were unable to register due to backlogs at the three registration centres and are likely in need of protection. Limited prospects to regularise their migration status risks pushing vulnerable people to seek unsafe, informal routes into the country. ?