Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Since late March heavy rains have caused flooding in the provinces of Haut-Lomami, Haut-Katanga, Maniema, and Tanganyika and in the Baraka, Fizi and Uvira territories of Sud-Kivu province. As of 8 June, at least 586,600 people have been affected by the flooding, 48% of these in Haut-Lomami. The rainy season in the affected provinces usually runs from September to mid-April.? There are reported needs in food security, WASH, shelter, NFI, health, protection, nutrition, education and logistics.?
Over 15,000 hectares of crops were destroyed in Uvira territory, where the population was already facing Crisis (IPC 3) food insecurity.? Additionally, 70% of the population in Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami and Tanganyika were food insecure before the floods.? Heavy rains have destroyed or damaged houses in Haut-Lomami, in Maniema, Haut-Katanga and Lualaba provinces and in Uvira. Shelter needs in these areas are high. Stagnant water and limited access to WASH facilities increase the risk of waterborne diseases and COVID-19 transmission.
Damaged roads and measures put in place to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 have slowed down the humanitarian response. RN5, the main connection to Uvira is blocked in several locations and the alternate route through Burundi and Rwanda is limited by restrictions in those countries.? As of June 14, reliable road access to the 2,900 refugees and asylum-seekers hosted in the Kavimvira, Mongemonge and Sange refugee-hosting locations in Uvira and Fizi territories has not been established.? Around 175km of agricultural access roads have also been destroyed in those two territories.?
INFORM measures DRC’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high at 7.6/10. The risk of exposure to flood is 7.5/10 and the lack of coping capacity is at 8.0/10. ?
Food security: the flood affected populations were already vulnerable to food insecurity. People whose homes were destroyed or damaged lost their foodstocks. Crops have also been destroyed.
WASH: all affected areas are in need of clean water and emergency WASH facilities to limit the spread of cholera and COVID-19.
Shelter: emergency and transitional shelters are a key priority for the affected population. ?
There is a lack of information on the precise number of people displaced by the floods in Maniema province and Fizi territory. No details have emerged on the number of IDPs and refugees impacted by the crisis in Haut-Lomami, Tanganyika and Maniema provinces. The specific sectoral needs of affected refugees in Uvira and Fizi territories are not known.