Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.20 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
DRC: Ebola outbreak in Equateur province
A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Population displacement is frequent and repeated, and mostly driven by armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. More than five million people are internally displaced. The situation in the eastern provinces remains particularly volatile, and humanitarian needs have increased since January 2020, as displaced and local populations are faced with violence, food insecurity, floods and disease outbreaks. Over 900,000 refugees from DRC live in African host countries. DRC also hosts about 527,000 refugees, mainly from Rwanda, Central African Republic, and South Sudan.?
COVID-19 is predicted to further deteriorate the situation in DRC. Government measures such as border and market closures, and movement restrictions will result in decreased imports, food production and purchasing power. Some 19.5 million people are in need of food security assistance, a 25% increase from last year .?
Since late March, least 586,000 people have been affected by flooding caused by heavy rains in the provinces of Haut-Lomami, Haut-Katanga, Maniema, and Tanganyika, and in the Baraka, Fizi, and Uvira territories of South Kivu province.? These floods occurred in areas where large parts of the population were already food insecure, placing an additional strain on vulnerable households.
DRC is currently facing an Ebola outbreak in Equateur province as well as a nationwide measles epidemic. Health authorities are still monitoring the areas affected by the previous Ebola outbreak, which lasted from 1 August 2018 to 25 June 2020 in Ituri, Nord-Kivu and Sud-Kivu provinces.?
INFORM measures DRC’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high at 7.6/10. The risk of exposure to flood is 7.5/10 and the lack of coping capacity is at 8.0/10.?
The 10th Ebola outbreak in DRC affecting Nord-Kivu, Sud-Kivu, and Ituri provinces was declared over on 25 June by the country's health minister. Declared on 1 August 2018, the outbreak saw a total of 3,470 reported cases and 2,287 deaths. The country's 11th outbreak, in Equateur province, is ongoing and has led to 30 reported cases and 13 reported deaths so far.?
9/06/2020: A new Ebola outbreak was declared in the western province of Equateur on 1 June. The outbreak is mainly concentrated in the city of Mbandaka. Four fatalities were registered over 18-30 May. As of 2 June two more suspected and two more confirmed cases are reported. ?For more information on the outbreak, please see our latest report.
28/05/2020: Attacks against civilians have escalated in the eastern province of Ituri, starting from the end of 2019 and continuing into 2020. The government launched a military operation to dismantle armed groups, Lendu militias in this case, at the end of 2019. Between October and April almost 300 people were killed, 151 wounded, and 38 raped. Houses have been torched and health centres looted. Since January 2020 more than 250,000 people have been displaced to the provincial capital Bunia and other towns as villages and IDP camps were attacked. Basic services such as WASH, shelter, and NFIs are lacking in pre-existing informal and overcrowded camps in Ituri. Some humanitarian operations in Djugu, an epicentre of violence, have been suspended and humanitarian access remains extremely limited throughout the province, making it difficult to verify figures or provide aid.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Very high constraints
Insecurity and poor infrastructure continue to restrict humanitarian access. The security situation remains volatile due to armed clashes and inter-ethnic conflicts. In addition, difficult terrain and limited infrastructure, particularly poor road conditions, remain a logistical obstacle to reach populations in need. The UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) continues to be essential to airlifts of personnel and goods to areas in need. The risk of attacks against humanitarian workers remains high. Armed groups have ambushed and robbed aid convoys and kidnapped staff of several aid organisations for ransom. Activities in some regions had to be temporarily suspended following attacks against health workers and facilities.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food security: Conflict and insecurity are limiting livelihoods and disrupting farming activities. People affected by March floods are seeing a negative impact on their June-September harvests.?
Protection: Sexual gender-based violence (SGBV) by armed groups and government forces is often reported in conflict areas. Women and children in displaced and host communities are the most exposed to life-threatening forms of SGBV.?
WASH: 11.5 million people are in need of WASH support. Displacement often leads to the loss or deterioration of access to WASH services. Handwashing with soap, a basic measure in the prevention of COVID-19, is a challenge for communities with poor WASH infrastructures.?