Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
DRC: Displacement in Beni
DRC: Displacement in Ituri
DRC: Displacement in Sud Kivu
A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Most displacement, which is frequent and repeated, is due to armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. More than 5 million people are internally displaced and over 900,000 refugees from DRC live in African host countries. In addition, DRC also hosts about 527,000 refugees, mainly from Rwanda, CAR, and South Sudan.?
Since mid-October, DRC has been severely affected by flooding. As of 12 December, over 600,000 people are estimated to have been affected, around 40% of them are in Nord Ubangi (146,000 people affected) and Sud Ubangi (108,000 people).?
Since August 2018, DRC faces an outbreak of Ebola virus centred in Ituri and Nord-Kivu provinces. Conflict in Nord-Kivu makes the response extremely challenging, and activities are regularly suspended.?
In January 2019, the Commission électorale nationale indépendante announced the provisional results, with Félix Tshisekedi declared the new president, after elections took place on 30 December 2018 in a tense climate with reports of widespread irregularities, voter suppression, and violence. ?
INFORM measures DRC's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.6/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern, at 8/10 as well as vulnerability at 7.6/10. ?
13/02/2020 Militia attacks against civilians in Beni Territory (North Kivu) continue triggering population movements. Over 100,000 people are estimated to have been displaced across the territory since December. The most recent large displacement movement was from Mangina. Many IDPs face a lack of formal shelter and require basic assistance.?
30/01/2020 At least 36 people have been killed in a series of attacks against villages in Beni region during the night of 28 January. The main attack was in Manzingi village. Since October, there has been a surge of attacks against civilians in eastern DRC believed to be carried out by the ADF as retaliation for a military offensive launched against the armed group.?
Very high constraints
Insecurity and poor infrastructure continue to restrict humanitarian access. The security situation remains volatile due to armed clashes and inter-ethnic conflicts. In addition, difficult terrain and limited infrastructure, particularly poor road conditions, remain a logistical obstacle to reach populations in need. The UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) continues to be essential to airlifts of personnel and goods to areas in need. The risk of attacks against humanitarian workers remains high. Armed groups have ambushed and robbed aid convoys and kidnapped staff of several aid organisations for ransom. Activities in some regions had to be temporarily suspended following attacks against health workers and facilities.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Food security: 15.9 million people are in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and IPC Phase 4 (Emergency), mainly in the conflict-affected eastern part of the county and Greater Kasai region, where a severe cholera outbreak and recent influx of returnees from Angola further aggravate the situation.??Conflict and insecurity, which limit access to livelihoods and disrupt farming activities, are key drivers of food insecurity, especially in the east and in the Greater Kasai region.?
Protection: Sexual gender-based violence (SGBV) by armed groups and government forces is often reported in conflict-affected areas: in 2017 over 13,000 cases of SGBV were reported across the country.?
WASH: 13.1 million people are in need of WASH support.? 50% of households in DRC do not have access to drinking water, and poor sanitation and hygiene services are among disease predisposing factors. Damage to WASH infrastructure in conflict as well as long-term displacement and a high concentration of IDPs has placed pressure on water resources.?
Health: The current Ebola outbreak in DRC, centred in Nord Kivu and Ituri provinces, has killed over 2,200 people since ist beginning in August 2018.? DRC also faces an ongoing measles epidemic that has killed over 6,000 people since the start of 2019.?