Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.60 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.4.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
DRC: Mount Nyiragongo eruption
DRC: Impact of COVID-19, conflict and policy reforms on education
A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Population displacement is frequent and repeated, and mostly driven by armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. More than five million people are internally displaced. The situation in the eastern provinces remains particularly volatile: humanitarian needs are high, as displaced and local populations are faced with violence, food insecurity, floods, disease outbreaks, and the secondary effects of COVID-19 restrictions. Over 998,000 refugees from DRC live in African host countries as at 31 October. DRC hosted about 515,000 refugees (mainly from Rwanda, Central African Republic, Congo, and Angola) as at 30 September.??Since mid-December 2020, 92,000 refugees fleeing violence related to the 27 December elections in CAR have arrived in Bas-Uele, Nord-Ubangi, and Sud-Ubangi provinces. Most of the arrivals are located in villages close to the river border, where access is a challenge and where host communities were already struggling to meet their own needs. ?
Over 7,900 protection incidents were reported across DRC in 2020, a 21% increase from 2019 attributable to the deteriorating security situation in conflict-affected areas. 93% of recorded violations occurred in Nord-Kivu, Ituri, and Sud-Kivu. Reported extrajudicial killings by armed groups increased dramatically, from 1,029 in 2019 to 2,487 in 2020. ?
The food crisis in DRC is likely to worsen in the months to come. From January–June 2022, 25.9 million people are estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or above, with 5.4 million people estimated in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). 19.6 million people were projected to need food assistance for the January–June 2021 period. This deterioration is explained by poor harvests, displacement caused by waves of violence, and crops’ diseases.?
24/11/2021: Attacks on Drodro, including an IDP camp, and neighbouring villages in Djugu territory, Ituri province, killed at least 12 people and torched shelters over 21-22 November. The attacks have been attributed to the Coopérative pour le développement du Congo (CODECO) militia. Around 16,000 IDPs and villagers fled to an IDP camp in Roe, near a MONUSCO base. The influx of IDPs adds pressure to the Roe camp, which already hosts 21,000 IDPs. In June, people living in the Roe site and area were in need of shelter and food assistance, mainly because insecurity had prevented them from accessing fields. The newly displaced people are sleeping in the open air and are likely to face similar needs. Increased violence in Djugu territory in recent weeks has sharply reduced humanitarian access. Several humanitarian organisations have temporarily suspended their movements in this area, affecting access to aid for nearly 320,000 people in Drodro, Fataki, Nizi , Lita, Bambu, and Mangala.?
22/11/2021: On 9 November, torrential rain affected some 7,300 people in Pangi territory (Maniema province). At least 791 houses, some schools, and health centres were severely damaged. Affected people are staying with host families, in public buildings (e.g., schools), and in undamaged parts of houses. Food assistance, NFI, shelter, education, healthcare, and WASH are urgently needed.?
15/11/2021: Since 7 November, over 11,000 people have fled Binja, Kinyarugwe and Chanzu villages, Rutshuru Territory (Nord Kivu) to Bunagana and Kibaya towns (Kisoro District) in Uganda following clashes between the army and an armed group. Needs assessments are ongoing but this influx is likely to affect refugees’ access to healthcare, education, protection, and livelihoods.?
Very high constraints
Humanitarian access constraints continue to be very high, particularly in Ituri, North Kivu, and South Kivu provinces, because of increasing attacks targeting civilians. Insecurity and transport difficulties caused by limited infrastructure disrupt people’s access to basic services. Administrative procedures remain challenging for all humanitarian organisations and agencies. NGOs face delays in their registration processes, and ad hoc or unofficial taxes are imposed on humanitarian organisations by different authorities. COVID 19 measures resulted in the restriction of humanitarian personnel and goods movements and delays in the delivery of humanitarian projects’ permits. Armed attacks, especially in Ituri province, often lead to the temporary relocation of staff and suspension of humanitarian operations, leaving displaced people and host communities without the basic services these organisations provide. Attacks targeting humanitarian personnel and their convoys are often reported, mainly in the eastern provinces. Schools were destroyed in Ituri, North Kivu, Tanganyika, and South Kivu. Poor road and airport infrastructure creates a major logistic problem for the delivery of aid. Humanitarian access is restricted in certain areas, especially during the rainy season.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Health: Displacement often leads to the loss or deterioration of access to health services. Poor WASH infrastructure contributes to the spread and risk of outbreaks of communicable diseases such as measles, cholera, malaria, Ebola, and COVID-19.
Protection: Protection concerns remain high, particularly among IDPs, returnees, refugees, and host communities. Those who commit protection violations often go unpunished and victims have limited access to support structures. Reported GBV incidents increased by 86% between January–September 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. This increase can likely be attributed to continued violence and displacement and COVID-19-related restrictions, as well as increased public awareness and operational capacity which have allowed for increased reporting of GBV cases.
Food security: Conflict and displacement are the main drivers of food insecurity. Seasonal floods, along with crop and animal diseases, further affect livelihoods. Poor road infrastructure limits access to markets. ?