There are 4.5 million IDPs in DRC, including 2.16 million displaced in 2017. Nord-Kivu has the highest number of IDPs, followed by Greater Kasai region, Sud-Kivu, and Tanganyika. ?
Nord Kivu hosts more than1.15 million displaced people, equating to around 25% of all IDPs in the country. 523,000 have been displaced since the beginning of 2017 due to armed clashes. 95% of those IDPs live with host communities. The most affected territories are Lubero (308,000 IDPs) and Rutshuru (308,000 IDPs).?
Over February-June 2018, about 35,000 IDPs who fled their homes in June 2017 returned to Kipese, Baraka, and Kirikiri, Lubero territory. Returns were made possible by an improved security situation, but they are still in need of NFI, WASH, health, and education assistance. Technical assistance is needed for them to resume their livelihoods and pastoral activities. ? Return movements were also observed in Kashugo, Lubero territory, where 20,400 people fleeing clashes between Mai Mai militias in 2017 returned between January and mid-May. These new returnees are in need of health assistance and medical supplies. ?
Displacement was reported in Beni territory, where 4,200 IDPs arrived between mid-March and mid-June, fleeing from violence and lootings perpetrated by armed groups. ? Population movements due to insecurity were still regularly reported early in July, especially in Ngite, Mangoko, Sikwaila, Pabuka, Mukondi, and Makumbo. ?
In July and August 2018, more than 36,000 displaced people returned to their homes in the Kibrizi-Kikuku-Nyanzale region in Rutshuru territory. Many of these returnees live in precarious conditions, because much of the infrastructure needed for basic services has been destroyed. Fields were also destroyed and pillaged during the conflict, and many people are in need of assistance to rebuild their livelihoods. ?
There are 647,000 IDPs in Sud-Kivu, mainly located in Kalehe (226,000) and Fizi (188,000) territories. A significant deterioration of the security situation led to 214,000 displaced in 2017, almost twice as many as in 2016. The increase is particularly striking in Fizi territory, where the number of IDPs jumped from 49,000 in late 2016 to 188,000 at the end of 2017.?
Between late April and July, some 76,000 people were displaced within Sud-Kivu due to tensions over land and water in Bijombo, Uvira territory between Banyamulenge and Bafuliro communities. In June, these tensions escalated into armed conflict, with the involvement of local Mai-Mai militias from both ethnic groups. Human rights abuses, looting, and destruction were reported, and MONUSCO recently deployed between 30 and 40 'blue helments' to assess the situation. The additional population is putting strain on the health infrastructure in Tchanzovu, Ishenge, Mugogo, and Kateja, and the newly displaced populations are in urgent need of food, health, WASH, shelter, and NFI assistance. Provision of humanitarian assistance is challenging, as over half of the population in need is only reachable by foot or helicopter.? By the end of August 2018, humanitarian needs were still significant in Uvira territory. On 18 August, a new wave of violence in Muramvia and Masata health zones (Uvira territory) led to the displacement of some 10,000 people. Muramvia was already hosting IDPs since April 2018, who had to flee once again. ?
In the first two weeks of July, increased intercommunal violence and clashes between armed groups and FARDC in Sud-Kivu caused the displacement of over 1,000 people from Karunga (south of Bijombo) and around 1,100 more from Shabunda territory.? Clashes between armed groups and FARDC continued in August, and forced almost 4,000 people to flee Nyambembe, a few kilometres north of Lulingu. ?
There is a decreasing trend in the number of IDPs in Tanganyika due to some 16,000 returns recorded in December 2017. However, with a total of 631,000 IDPs, Tanganyika remains one of the provinces most affected by displacement, especially in areas where security is still volatile such as Kalemie and Nyunzu territories. Over 73% of IDPs in the province have been displaced by intercommunal or land conflicts. In Kongolo, Manono, and Kabalo territories, an improved security environment led to the return of some displaced communities. However, people have lost their livelihoods (destroyed land, stolen or killed cattle, etc.) and homes because of the conflict. Numerous health centres and schools have been destroyed by repeated violent attacks.?
In the town of Kalemie, where some 190,000 IDPs are hosted, authorities have repeatedly voiced their desire to see the IDPs return to their places of origin and threatened to close the camps. Although the conditions for their return are not conducive in early September, authorities began demolishing three of the 13 IDP camps in Kalemie. As a result, more than 24,000 people have been left homeless. ?
Intercommunal violence in Djugu territory displaced over 340,000 people between December 2017 and March 2018.?Movements of returns to some areas in Djugu and Irumu territories started around 24-25 March.? Despite a volatile security environment, between March and July around 150,000 people returned to Djugu territory, while 3,600 others who fled to Uganda returned to Tchomia and Kasenyi zones. Returnees have found infrastructure in their villages destroyed and their livelihoods severely impacted. Most of them missed two agricultural seasons and now face a significant food deficit. ?50,000 people are displaced in Bunia city, Irumu, including between 1,200 and 5,000 newly arrived in May. Most of these IDPs are living with host families or in informal camps, and reported no access to humanitarian assistance (especially health, NFI and education) since their arrival in Bunia city.?
GREATER Kasai REGION (Kasai-Central, Kasai, Kasai-Oriental, Lomami, Sankuru provinces)
There were 897,476 IDPs across the region at the end of June, including 605,000 who were displaced in 2017. Around 1.45 milion of the 1.7 million people displaced in the Greater Kasai region since August 2016 have returned to their homes. Those returnees are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance: almost all basic social infrastructure and livelihoods were impacted by the crisis, and humanitarian presence remains limited. 86% of the IDPs accounted for in the area fled due to intercommunal violence or land disputes.?
179,000 IDPs, including 131,000 in Pweto territory.?
325,000 IDPs, including 218,000 (over 67%) in Kabambare territory. 169,000 of those displaced across the province fled in 2017.?Over 6,000 IDPs are located in Kunda health zone, Kambare, since December 2017.? In May, following a new outbreak of violence between FARDC and Mai-Mai militia groups, an estimated 27,000 people fled from Kabambare to Salambila. ? Following some signs of improvement in the security situation, some 7,000 of these IDPs returned from Salambila in the beginning of June. ?
Since 25 June, fears of an outbreak of armed violence led almost 5,000 people in Ubundu territory to flee to Lowa (120 kilometres south of Kisangani). Due to inadequate WASH facilities, newly displaced and local populations risk being exposed to waterborne disease outbreaks. ?