Kasai crisis (Kasai-Central, Kasai, Kasai Oriental, Lomami, Sankuru, Lualaba, and Kwilu provinces)
From 5-12 May, 23,700 new IDPs were reported from Kasai region, of whom 2,200 fled to Kwilu province - the first wave of IDPs from Kasai to the province.? From 28 April to 5 May, over 100,000 new IDPs were reported in the Kasai regions, of whom more than 70,000 in Lomami province, in the wake of clashes between Kamuina Nsapu militia and the FARDC, as well as inter-communal clashes.? From 12 to 27 April, over 140,000 new IDPS were reported. Among them, 110,000 are in Kasai-Central province.??
As of 12 May, approximately 1.3 million people are currently displaced due to activities of Kamuina Nsapu militia in the region since August 2016 - up from approximately 216,000 people reported in January.? As of 5 May, the number of IDPs in conflict-affected regions had increased by 23% - 8,000 new IDPs per day on average since mid-April.? Due to the volatile security situation, which has severely constrained humanitarian access, the number of displaced persons is estimated to be higher. These internal displacements are primarily caused by protection risks generated by the presence of Kamuina Nsapu militia, attacks by the militia, and clashes between Kamuina Nsapu militia and FARDC.? As of 24 March, over 170,000 IDPs in Kasai, Kasai-Central, and Kasai-Oriental who have been displaced since August 2016 are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance.?
As of 12 May, tentative breakdown of IDPs and returnees in Kasai crisis-affected provinces (including potential double-counting due to pendulum, preventive and secondary displacement):
As of 21 April, over 24,000 IDPs hosted in Malemba Nkulu territory, who fled clashes between Batwa and Luba communities in Manono, Nyunzu and Kalemie since January, are in need of humanitarian assistance.?
As of March, 106,800 IDPs are reported in Haut-Lomami. The increase is due to the influx of people from Tanganyika and Kasai and is likely underestimated.? As of 30 November 2016, over 40,000 IDPs are hosted in Malemba Nkulu territory, compared to 47,100 IDPs recorded in May 2016.?This decrease may be due to greater FARDC presence in the territory.???
As of March 2017, 863,000 IDPs have been recorded in the province since 2009 - up from 837,000 recorded in September 2016.?? The majority of IDPs - 708,000 people - live with host families, while over 155,000 live in several displacement sites.? IDPs are mainly from the border area between Masisi, Rutshuru, and Walikale territories.??
Masisi: Since 25 April, over 6,600 people reportedly have displaced from Nyamaboko area due to fighting between Mayi-Mayi groups.? As of March 2017, 157,800 IDPs are recorded in the territory.?
Rutshuru: As of March 2017, 193,700 IDPs are recorded in the territory.? As of 5 February, over 9,000 people in Kikuku (75% of the population) have reportedly fled to neighbouring localities due to Mayi-Mayi activity during the past seven months.?
Walikale: From 10 to 12 April, the majority of the inhabitants of Walikale locality have fled their homes, due to Mayi-Mayi Kifuaka activity. The IDPs have sought shelter in neighbouring localities.? As of March 2017, 49,400 IDPs are recorded in the territory.?
Since mid-April, the deployment of FARDC in Uvira territory has allowed the first returns of over 11,700 people who had been displaced due to inter-ethnic violence. However, 80% of these IDPs and their host communities are left without assistance.? Since mid-April, clashes between Raia Mutomboki and the FARDC have resulted in the displacement of over 3,400 people in Shabunda territory.? In April, 3,000 people fled to Fizi territory from Tanganyika province due to intercommunal violence between Banyamulenge and Batwa. No assitance has yet been provided to these IDPs or their host communities.?
Clashes between Batwa and Luba communities in Kabambare territory on 3 April resulted in the secondary displacement of at least 1,800 IDPs (who had fled violence in Tanganyika) and Burundian refugees. The IDPs and Burundian refugees have sought refuge in Fizi territory.?
As of March, 459,000 IDPs are recorded in the province, up from 422,000 as of December 2016 and 378,000 IDPs as of September 2016.? Of these, over 190,000 people are hosted in Kalehe.??
Clashes between Luba and Batwa communities since 29 April have forced 12,000 people to flee to Kalemie. 25,000 IDPs hosted in conflict-affected areas were also displaced to Kalemie.? Since August 2016, violent clashes between Luba and Batwa communities in Tanganyika has become one of the leading causes of displacement in the country.? As of March, 543,000 IDPs have been recorded in Tanganyika, up from 370,000 as of December 2016. 245,000 are in displacement sites, whereas 281,000 IDPs live with host families. ??
As of May, 22,000 former IDPs are in need of protection, shelter and food in Moba territory.?
As of March, Haut-Katanga hosts 122,000 IDPs, up from 94,500 IDPs as of 30 November 2016.?? As of 30 March, in Mitwaba territory, 18,000 people have been displaced due to the incursion of an armed group in early March.? As of 24 March, over 26,000 IDPs in Pweto, who had fled fighting between Luba and Batwa communities since December 2016, are still in need of humanitarian assistance. Preliminary assessment results on 100 cases indicate high malnutrition levels in children under the age of five: SAM is at 15% and MAM is at 42%.?From 15 to 22 March, clashes between newly formed armed groups have resulted in 2,000 newly displaced households in Mitwaba territory. In addition, villages have been looted, houses burnt, and ten people were kidnapped.?As of mid-February, over 35,000 IDPs, who have been displaced since mid-2016 due to clashes between Luba and Batwa communities, are in need of assistance (drinking water and health assistance) in Pweto and Mitwaba.?
Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Ituri and Tshopo
As of late April, intercommunal violence in Mahagi territory has resulted in the displacement of over 12,000 people. These IDPs were former returnees as of December 2016.?
348,000 IDPs were reported in Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Ituri, and Tshopo, up from 225,000 IDPs as of September 2016.?? 80% of the IDPs live with host families, and 87% of all IDPs in these areas are hosted in Ituri.?
Over 210,400 IDPs are hosted in Ituri as of 30 November 2016.? Over half of the displaced fled violence in Nord-Kivu. Armed conflict and violence is the primary cause of displacement in the province.??As of early March, over 11,600 returnees in Mahagi territory, who fled armed conflict in December 2016, are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance.? 12,000 people have been displaced in Djugu territory since 19 March when violence broke out over a land dispute between the communities of Tchulu and Lodjo. They are in need of shelter, food and NFI assistance.??
Between 1 and 8 March, some 310 families arrived in Kalonda Kibuyu, from neighbouring Tanganyika province, following clashes between Luba and Batwa communities.? Over 92,000 people were newly displaced in Maniema in 2016. ?Around 157,000 IDPs were reported in Maniema in the fourth quarter of 2016, up from 148,000 in the third quarter. As of March, no new displacement is recorded.?? Over 90% were people who fled armed conflict in neighbouring Sud-Kivu. The majority live with host families.???