Kasai crisis (Kasai-Central, Kasai, Kasai Oriental, Lomami, Sankuru, Lualaba, and Kwilu provinces)
As of 11 August, more than 1.4 million people are estimated displaced due to activities of Kamuina Nsapu militia in the region since August 2016, up from approximately 216,000 reported in January.?? Of these, 850,000 are children.? In July, 114,000 have been displaced in Kasai-Central province.? Returns have been reported in Kasai Central, Komami, as well as around 18,000 Congolese refugees having returned from Angola between June and August.??
Displacement continues to increase, with around 28,000 newly displaced people recorded between 11 and 25 August; 26,000 of which are in Kwilu province, which had only registered 3,000 registered IDPs before. The 2,000 other IDPs were displaced in Kwango province, a province where displacement had not been previously reported.?Shelter, health and WASH needs are most severe.?From 22 June-10 July, 60,000 new IDPs had been recorded, mostly in Kasai province (45,600 IDPs), Lualaba (8,300 IDPs), and Kasai-Central (6,000 IDPs).? From 1-22 June, 55,940 IDPs were registered in Tshikapa, Kasai province.?
Between June and August, the number of IDPs increased by 24% in Kasai, with over 420,000 people displaced in this time period.? Due to the volatile security situation, which has severely constrained humanitarian access, the number of displaced persons is estimated to be higher. These internal displacements are primarily caused by protection risks generated by the presence of Kamuina Nsapu militia, attacks by the militia, and clashes between Kamuina Nsapu militia and FARDC.?
As of 11 August, tentative breakdown of IDPs and returnees in Kasai crisis-affected provinces (including potential double-counting due to pendulum, preventive and secondary displacement):
1,000 IDPs have moved from Lomami to Kaniema territory, Haut-Lomami by the end of June, fleeing violence related to the Kamuina Nsapu militia.?
As of June, 107,000 IDPs are reported in Haut-Lomami, equivalent to March.?
Lubero: Displacement due to fighting between Mayi-Mayi militias and FARDC continues, with 10,000 people displaced from Alimbongo to neighbouring villages between the end of August and the beginning of September.?Since mid-July, due to fighting between armed groups, including Mayi-Mayi Mazembe, and with the FARDC, more than 16,200 people have been displaced. They are in severe need of health assistance.??
Beni territory: As of June, 957,000 IDPs have been recorded in the province, 106,000 of whom have been displaced in 2017. From April-June, the new IDPs have mostly been located in Beni/Oicha territory.? The majority of IDPs - 794,000 people - live with host families, while over 163,000 live in several displacement sites.?
An estimated 80,000 people have been displaced from Fizi territory since late June due to fighting between a new coallition of Mayi-Mayi armed groups and FARDC. They have moved to other parts of Fizi territory, and to Maniema and Tanganyika provinces, and are in need of shelter, WASH, protection, and health.? It is unclear whether or not they are still displaced to date, but as of late July 14,000 of those IDPs have been recorded in Fizi territory and are in need of food, NFIs, education, and health.?
An estimated 2,000 people were displaced to villages in Uvira territory between 12 and 24 August following intercommunal clashes.??
In Shabunda territory, an estimated 4,000 people were displaced when the FFP attacked FARDC position in Nzovu on 18 August.?Traffic was interrupted between Nzibira and Kigulube, and at least 10,000 people living in villages along that road fled to the bush in fear of attacks.?
As of June, 487,000 IDPs have been recorded in the province, compared to 462,000 as of March. Of these, over 218,000 people are hosted in Kalehe.?
At the end of June, there are over 557,000 IDPs in the province, up from 529,000 IDPs in March. Despite returns recorded in several territories, including Moba (23,000 returnees), from April-June, the increase is explained by the displacement of over 27,000 people in Kalemie territory, Tanganyika, due to fighting between Batwa and Luba.?
As of May, 22,000 former IDPs are in need of protection, shelter, and food in Moba territory.?
Between 1-20 August, over 12,400 people, including nearly 8,800 unancompanied children, have been displaced to Malemba-Nkulu territory due to fighting between Batwa and Luba militias in Manono territory, Tanganyika.?
Tensions between Luba and Batwa in Pweto territory continue, with new displacement at the beginning of September in Pweto territory. On the Pweto-Mutabi-Mpongo road, 98% of the villages have emptied and about 20,000 people are displaced as of 13 September.?
As of June, 122,000 IDPs, equivalent to March.?
Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Ituri and Tshopo
Ituri: Around 11,000 people have reportedly been displaced to Irumu and Mambasa territories between mid-June and early July due to clashes between ADF and the FARDC in Beni territory, Nord Kivu. As of 7 July, returns of over 1,000 people have have been reported.? Since 30 June, an unknown number of people have been displaced from Mambasa territory to Beni, Nord-Kivu due to increasing insecurity in the area.? In Irumu territory, tensions between Hema and Ngiti communities have resulted in the displacement of 3,000 people since 21 June.? In Djugu territory, 1,500 people have been displaced since 15 June due to tensions between Hema and Lendu communities. First returns of IDPs have already been reported.?
Tshopo: In Yaelomba territory, 1,300 people have fled their homes due to the presence of security forces in the territory, who have been looting.?
As of June, 324,000 IDPs were reported in Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Ituri, and Tshopo, down from 348,000 IDPs as of March.??
Between July and August, 62,000 IDPs have been reported in Kabambare territory. They fled fighting between armed groups in Fizi territory, Sud-Kivu, from late June-mid-July.?