Kasai crisis (Kasai-Central, Kasai, Kasai Oriental, Lomami, Sankuru, Lualaba, and Kwilu provinces)
As of 10 July, an estimated more than 1.4 million people have been displaced due to activities of Kamuina Nsapu militia in the region since August 2016, up from approximately 216,000 reported in January.?? As of 14 July, over 7,000 people have been displaced to Kikwit, Kwilu province from the former Kasai region, according to a local NGO. As of 15 June, an additional 13,000 people have relocated to Gungu territory, Kwilu province.?? From 22 June-10 July, 60,000 new IDPs were recorded, mostly in Kasai province (45,600 IDPs), Lualaba (8,300 IDPs), and Kasai-Central (6,000 IDPs).? From 1-22 June, 55,940 IDPs were registered in Tshikapa, Kasai province.? From 13-31 May, 11,000 new IDPs were reported from Kasai region, mostly in Kasai province.? From 5-12 May, 23,700 new IDPs were reported from Kasai region.? Since 10 May, clashes in Lomami province have displaced an unknown number of people to Dilolo territory, in Lualaba province.? From 28 April to 5 May, over 100,000 new IDPs were reported in the Kasai regions, of whom more than 70,000 in Lomami province, in the wake of clashes between Kamuina Nsapu militia and the FARDC, as well as inter-communal clashes.?
As of 5 May, the number of IDPs in conflict-affected regions had increased by 23%, representing 8,000 new IDPs per day on average, since mid-April.? Due to the volatile security situation, which has severely constrained humanitarian access, the number of displaced persons is estimated to be higher. These internal displacements are primarily caused by protection risks generated by the presence of Kamuina Nsapu militia, attacks by the militia, and clashes between Kamuina Nsapu militia and FARDC.?
As of 6 July, tentative breakdown of IDPs and returnees in Kasai crisis-affected provinces (including potential double-counting due to pendulum, preventive and secondary displacement):
1,000 IDPs have moved from Lomami to Kaniema territory, Haut-Lomami by the end of June, fleeing violence related to the Kamuina Nsapu militia.?
As of June, 107,000 IDPs are reported in Haut-Lomami, equivalent to March.?
Lubero: Since 17 July, due to fighting between Mayi-Mayi Mazembe and NDC-Rénové armed groups, at least 7,000 people have been displaced.?? Since 9 July, due to fighting between Mayi-Mayi Mazembe and the FARDC around Kipese, the local population has fled.? 60% of IDPs in southern parts of Lac Edouard, Nord-Kivu have returned as security situation has improve due to coordinated military operations led by MONUSCO and FARDC since May. Around 8,900 households are still estimated to be displaced in the area.?
As of June, 957,000 IDPs have been recorced in the province, 106,000 of whom have been displaced in 2017. From April-June, the new IDPs have mostly been located in Beni/Oicha territory.? The majority of IDPs - 794,000 people - live with host families, while over 163,000 live in several displacement sites.?
An estimated 80,000 people have been displaced from Fizi territory since late June due to fighting between a new coallition of Mayi-Mayi armed groups and FARDC. They have moved to other parts of Fizi territory, and to Maniema and Tanganyika provinces, and are in need of shelter, WASH, protection, and health.?
1,400 people have reportedly been displaced in Fizi territory due to inter-communal clashes between 27-30 May.? From 12-13 May, fighting between FARDC and Raia Mutuomboki have resulted in the displacement of 2,000 people in Shabunda territory.?
As of June, 487,000 IDPs have been recorded in the province, compared to 462,000 as of March. Of these, over 218,000 people are hosted in Kalehe.?
At the end of June, there are over 557,000 IDPs in the province, up from 529,000 IDPs in March. Despite returns recorded in several territories, including Moba (23,000 returnees), from April-June, the increase is explained by the displacement of over 27,000 people in Kalemie territory, Tanganyika, due to fighting between Batwa and Luba.?
Between 25 and 30 May, at least five villages have emptied out along Kalemie-Nyunzu road due to an attack by alleged Batwa elements. The number of people displaced is unknown.? Clashes between Luba and Batwa communities since 29 April have forced 12,000 people to flee to Kalemie. 25,000 IDPs hosted in conflict-affected areas were also displaced to Kalemie.? Since August 2016, violent clashes between Luba and Batwa communities in Tanganyika have become one of the leading causes of displacement in the country.? As of March, 543,000 IDPs have been recorded in Tanganyika, up from 370,000 as of December 2016. 245,000 are in displacement sites, whereas 281,000 IDPs live with host families. ??
As of May, 22,000 former IDPs are in need of protection, shelter, and food in Moba territory.?
Tensions between Luba and Batwa in Pweto territory continue, with new displacement of population reported from 1-7 June in Pweto territory. 3,000 people were also displaced during the last week of May. A total of 8,000 people is estimated to have been displaced in Pweto territory from January-May.?
As of June, 122,000 IDPs, equivalent to March.?
Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Ituri and Tshopo
Ituri: Around 11,000 people have reportedly been displaced to Irumu and Mambasa territories between mid-June and early July due to clashes between ADF and the FARDC in Beni territory, Nord Kivu. As of 7 July, returns of over 1,000 people have have been reported.? Since 30 June, an unknown number of people have been displaced from Mambasa territory to Beni, Nord-Kivu due to increasing insecurity in the area.? In Irumu territory, tensions between Hema and Ngiti communities have resulted in the displacement of 3,000 people since 21 June.? In Djugu territory, 1,500 people have been displaced since 15 June due to tensions between Hema and Lendu communities. First returns of IDPs have already been reported.?
Tshopo: In Yaelomba territory, 1,300 people have fled their homes due to the presence of security forces in the territory, who have been looting.?
As of June, 324,000 IDPs were reported in Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, Ituri, and Tshopo, down from 348,000 IDPs as of March.??