• Crisis Severity ?
    4.1
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    4.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.9
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    4.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 25,550,000 Total population [?]
  • 25,550,000 People affected [?]
  • 10,429,000 People in Need [?]

Overview

15/04/2020

The humanitarian situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) is driven by political and economic factors as well as natural hazards. Chronic food insecurity and limited access to basic services such as healthcare and clean water have left more than 10 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.?

Poor governance and repressive internal political measures have negatively impacted the population by restricting movement and access to goods and services, including humanitarian aid. International sanctions, despite exemptions for humanitarian aid, have caused shortages of funding, supplies, and humanitarian personnel, which has delayed project implementation.?

DPRK is regularly affected by intense rain and flooding, and has recently experienced severe drought-like conditions. In September 2019, Tropical Cyclone Lingling destroyed farmlands up to 60% of farmland in North and South Hwanghae and South Hamgyong provinces. The impact of natural hazards exacerbates the already high food security in the country.?

INFORM considers DPRK to be at high risk of humanitarian crisis with a score of 5.2/10. Lack of coping capacity is the biggest concern with a score of 6.5/10.

Latest Developments

15/09/2020

DPRK received above-average rainfall throughout August and September causing flooding and landslides, mainly in Southern provinces, and affecting 39,000 hectares of farmland. The main harvest, which begins at the end of August, has been significantly affected, raising food security concerns. Estimates suggest that 40% of the total population are already food insecure.?

Humanitarian Access

04/11/2019

Very high constraints

Overall humanitarian access is limited, though improvements have occurred since 2018. All 11 provinces in DPRK are accessible to international staff, although tight restrictions exist for Jagang province. Travel and humanitarian activities remain highly regulated by national authorities. International humanitarian agencies, as well as DPRK nationals, are required to obtain advance clearance for travel outside Pyongyang and international staff must always be accompanied by DPRK nationals. Itineraries must be planned in advance for authorisation and the location of new projects discussed with the government. Economic sanctions, particularly United Nations, and bilateral US secondary sanctions, have restricted the import of humanitarian goods and complicated the funding of humanitarian projects. Road quality outside Pyongyang is of varying quality and flooding caused by the monsoon season further hindered access. 

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

Key Priorities

30/06/2020

Food: 10.1 million people (39% of the population) are food insecure due to insufficient agricultural production, inability to access a diversity of food, inadequate food utilisation and recurrent natural disasters.?

Health: 8.7 million people lack access to adequate health facilities. Equipment, medicines and specialist staff are particularly lacking for the needs of children under five, pregnant women, people with communicable diseases, and people living with disabilities.?

WASH: 8.4 million people lack access to safe water sources. Basic sanitation facilities are a high priority – especially in rural areas, where 9 in 10 people lack facilities for safe disposal of human waste.?