Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Heavy rainfall in Djibouti over 21-28 November caused floods in the regions of Obock, Tadjourah, Ali Sabieh and Djibouti city. Floods and a landslide resulted in the deaths of 11 people. Flash floods destroyed houses, infrastructures and sources of livelihoods. An estimated 250,000 people have been affected countrywide, including 14,000 migrants, and 150,000 are expected to be in need of humanitarian assistance. 10,000 people were still displaced by the floods and hosted by other families in the capital a week after the events.?
Further rains are expected, aggravating humanitarian needs. The capital was worst hit with 200,000 people affected and 120,000 in need of humanitarian assistance. The flooded neighbourhoods are among the poorest in the city. The flooding comes 18 months after Cyclone Sagar, and is affecting the same areas. In spite of widespread water pumping efforts, water has returned in some areas, pointing to a malfunctioning sewage system and poor absorption capacity of the soil.?
Waters have now receded and access, even to remote areas, has been restored .Primary, secondary and tertiary roads have been flooded and damaged, including the Tadjourah-Balho road and the Obock town road.?
Health and nutrition: with more rains forecasted and sewage overflowing, the risk of waterborne and vector-borne disease outbreak is increasing. 14 health centres were damaged in the capital.?
Food security: 95% of affected households in Djibouti city reported losing food stocks in the floods. Rural areas were affected by crop and livestock losses, as floods occurred early in the crop calendar. Local businesses are damaged, impacting access to food.?
NFI and Shelter: an estimated 19,000 people are in urgent need of emergency shelter because their houses were damaged. Blankets, beds and plastic sheets were needed in all districts surveyed in the governmental rapid assessment. Mosquito nets, jerrycans and soap were still to be provided.?
WASH: 55,500 people need safe water in Djibouti city. Overflowing sewage led to water contamination and deprives 17,000 households of access to safe sanitation. Need for hygiene kits, including menstrual hygienic products, are reported in Djibouti city.?