Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Recurrent and severe droughts over the past two decades have led to a significant deterioration in food security. 2020 food insecurity predictions, estimate around 280,000 people (29% of the population, increasing from 21% in the first half of 2018) are estimated to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food security outcomes. The most impacted areas are Obock region in the north, and Dikhil in the south, with 30% and 20% respectively of rural population at Emergency level.?
Drought has resulted in a scarcity of natural resources, and a depletion of assets due to lack of sustainable livelihoods. The population’s diminished coping capacities have led to increased population movements from rural to urban area, including the capital, where vulnerable people live in precarious conditions, unable to generate sufficient income to meet basic needs. In urban areas high unemployment is impacting people’s access to food. 70% of the total population is concentrated in urban areas, particularly Djibouti city and its periphery Balbala where 15% and 25% respectively of the population are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or higher.?
INFORM measures Djibouti’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2020 to be high, at 5.2/10. This has decreased from 5.4/10 in 2019, but lack of coping capacity at 6.1/10, and vulnerability at 6.4/10 are higher than in previous years.?