• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 639,000 People affected [?]
  • 310,000 People in Need [?]
  • 203,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]
  • 107,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Recurrent and severe droughts over the past two decades have led to a significant deterioration in food security. Malnutrition data is unavailable. In 2019, around 280,000 people (29% of the population, increasing from 21% in the first half of 2018) are estimated to face chronic food insecurity of IPC phase 3 (Crisis) and 4 (Emergency). Most impacted areas are Obock region in the north, and Ali Sabieh and Dikhil in the south, with 30%, 25% and 20% respectively of rural population at Emergency levels. ?

The main cause of chronic food insecurity in rural areas is recurring droughts causing scarcity of natural resources and increased depletion of assets due to lack of sustainable livelihoods. The population’s diminished coping capacities have led to increased population movements from rural to urban areas, including the capital, where vulnerable people live in precarious conditions, unable to generate sufficient income to meet basic needs. In urban areas the high unemployment rate affects access to food. 70% of the total population is concentrated in urban areas, particularly Djibouti city and its periphery Balbala where 15% and 25% respectively of the population is in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). ?

INFORM measures Djibouti’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 5.4/10, an increase from 5.2/10 in 2018. Lack of coping capacity is of concern at 6.4/10, and vulnerability at 5.4/10. ?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.