• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 639,000 People affected [?]
  • 310,000 People in Need [?]
  • 203,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]
  • 107,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Recurrent and severe droughts over the past two decades have led to a significant deterioration in food security. 2020 food insecurity predictions, estimate around 280,000 people (29% of the population, increasing from 21% in the first half of 2018) are estimated to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food security outcomes. The most impacted areas are Obock region in the north, and Dikhil in the south, with 30% and 20% respectively of rural population at Emergency level.?

Drought has resulted in a scarcity of natural resources, and a depletion of assets due to lack of sustainable livelihoods. The population’s diminished coping capacities have led to increased population movements from rural to urban area, including the capital, where vulnerable people live in precarious conditions, unable to generate sufficient income to meet basic needs. In urban areas high unemployment is impacting people’s access to food. 70% of the total population is concentrated in urban areas, particularly Djibouti city and its periphery Balbala where 15% and 25% respectively of the population are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or higher.?

INFORM measures Djibouti’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2020 to be high, at 5.2/10. This has decreased from 5.4/10 in 2019, but lack of coping capacity at 6.1/10, and vulnerability at 6.4/10 are higher than in previous years.?

Latest Developments


There are no recent developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

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